Introduction to Person-Centered Counseling (08:06)
Barry Kopp explains that people attend counseling sessions to change how they behave or their mindset toward an issue. Carl Rogers studied therapists to discover how they can be effective using a humanistic approach. Long-term results can be achieved if the client is willing to work at therapy; therapists provide support.
Person-Centered Counseling: Client Relationships (16:33)
Rogers believed establishing a rapport with patients is the most important role of a therapist. The person-centered approach focuses several core conditions: a therapist is a person, not an expert, the therapist tries to empathize, and have unconditional positive respect for the client.
Person-Centered Counseling: Self-Actualization (07:38)
Rogers came from an agriculture background and believed individuals could grow if they were nurtured. If neglected, the person will put up defenses and wear masks to hide their inner persona. Anthony Crouch summarizes the person-centered approach in psychology.
Person-Centered Counselling Session (31:20)
Kopp meets with an actor portraying a client to demonstrate how a person-centered session might progress. The client feels alone, angry, and out of control after leaving home and failing her first year in college. Kopp empathizes with the client and asks leading questions to help the client understand her reckless behavior.
Commentary on the Session (09:01)
Kopp practices person-centered therapy, oriented psychotherapy, and process-experiential therapy; all have a similar philosophy towards therapy. The client talked around the issues, was struggling to understand her motivations, and began to express her anger towards her estranged mother. Crouch felt that Kopp followed the client and tracked the client moment by moment.
Session Commentary: Other Core Conditions (05:52)
Kopp asked leading questions to empathize with the client and not assume he understood how she felt. He hopes that she felt that he really wanted to understand. A therapist's role is to understand what is happening to the client and empathize with them.
Session Commentary: Close Listening (05:38)
Crouch was surprised how effective the counseling session was without proven psychological techniques. Kopp tries to reflect back to the client both said and unsaid meanings even if it is risky. The client may be not ready to talk about underlying concerns but may address it in subsequent sessions.
Final Comments on Sessions (06:28)
Crouch felt impacted by Kopp's comment that the client "painted a mask on" when she escaped with alcohol. Each counselor is different and develops his own style and communication techniques. Kopp felt that he should have focused more on specific points the client said.
Client's Feedback on the Session (04:43)
The client felt very comfortable in the setting and that Kopp heard her. She enjoyed speaking to a man about her destructive pattern of spending money and drinking alcohol.
The CPCAB Model of Helping Work and Counseling Practice: Structure of the Model (00:57)
The three parts of CPCAB include seven processes of supporting therapeutic change, three levels of client change, and three dimensions of change.
How Person-Centered Theory Relates to the CPCAB Model (19:33)
Crouch and Kopp discuss how the client is the center of both the CPCAB model and person-centered counseling. Many of the tenets of the helping and counseling processes are similar to the core conditions. The three service levels of the CPCAB model include coping with problems of living, changing aspects of self, and changing the foundations of the self.
Three Dimensions of Change: The Third Part of the CPCAB Model (06:47)
Crouch and Kopp discuss the similarities between the CPCAB model third part and person-centered counseling. The model proposes that individuals cannot change who they are but can alter how we relate and respond to others.
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