Vienna: Capital of Annihilation (04:29)
After victory over the Ottomans, Leopold I became the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire and Prince Eugene became a famous warlord. A refugee from France, Eugene rose to power and gained further renowned for his decimation of the Ottomans a second time.
Spanish Dream (05:08)
After the incestuous destruction of the Spanish Hapsburgs, King Leopold died while at war with the French. After the death of his brother Joseph, Charles VI became emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, but was forced into peace with France.
Homes of Vienna (03:04)
In thriving Vienna, now the sole Habsburg capital, Prince Eugene built Belvedere Palace to honor his defeat of the Sun King and Ottoman Sultans; he commissioned his own image as supreme warlord. Eugene died of pneumonia after suffering under the rule of Charles VI who was jealous of the warlord’s power.
Charles VI's Heir (02:42)
To cope with the loss of Spain, Charles VI built music and art for the masses, but produced no heir; his wife was subjected to torturous treatment methods until she became an obese alcoholic. Maria Theresa became the first Habsburg female ruler after her father's sudden death.
Ruling Female Hapsburg (06:41)
After burying her father, Maria Theresa was faced with enemies from all sides, but skillfully defeated them with charm, wit, and a Hungarian alliance. Her happy marriage led to her husband’s rule as emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, but his unfaithfulness led to a commission to rid the city of promiscuity.
Revolutionary Emperor (04:39)
As co-heirs, Maria and Joseph were at constant odds until her death. Joseph was a man of the Enlightenment, had many personal troubles, and wanted to change all of Vienna at once when his mother died.
Empire of Music (04:50)
Joseph’s push for new ideas brought forward the brilliance of Mozart, and they worked together in the Schonbrunn Palace; their relationship is misrepresented in the play and film Amadeus. Conductor Vinicius Kattah preforms and explains the uniqueness of Mozart's music and personality.
Modernity in Vienna (04:21)
Joseph’s religious tolerance, extermination of serfdom, and challenge of tradition put him far ahead of his age; his reinvention of the coffins and funerals, however, caused revolt. In lieu of the French Revolution, Joseph was forced to withdraw his edicts and died believing himself a failure; Mozart chose to be buried in an unmarked grave soon after Joseph’s death.
Vienna's Turn (03:43)
The French despised all the Habsburgs represented, and soon after the beheading of Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI, Napoleon Bonaparte set his sights on Vienna, defeating the Austrians and Russians at the Battle of Austerlitz. The newly titled Emperor of Austria declared war on France, and his brother Archduke Charles defeated Bonaparte for the first time in ten years.
Second Musical Movement (02:40)
Napoleon unleashed vengeance upon Austria settling in Vienna, and his presence created a flourishing of ideas and free thought. Beethoven arose at this time and composed “The Eroica” first titled “The Bonaparte;” it was when he realized Bonaparte’s intention to create his own empire that he renamed the symphony.
Capital of the Mind (03:50)
Bonaparte was without an heir and decided to search for a new wife; Klemens Von Metternich saw the opportunity to place the Habsburgs back in power through marriage alliance. Metternick betrayed Napoleon, helped defeat Napoleon, and hosted a great summit for European leaders in Vienna.
Credits: Vienna (00:34)
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