Vienna: The Empire of the Mind (03:15)
Vienna created a political system considered to be orchestrated by god. A code of power was etched within St Stephen’s Cathedral which meant, “The whole world is dominated by Austria.”
Rudolf Habsburg (02:31)
The beginning of Vienna’s rise to a golden age began with the new prince in 1273; the Hapsburgs dominated Europe for 500 years. Ottokar, King of Bohemia, was Rudolf's biggest rival. The largest battle between the powers occurred in a marsh field, east of Vienna in August 1278.
Habsburg Reputation (05:00)
Albert Habsburg was murdered by his nephew and a group of assassins in 1838; his successors sought revenge. Rudolf IV invented the title of archduke, remodeled St. Stephen's Cathedral, and founded Vienna University.
Anti-Jewish Pogrom (02:21)
Rudolf IV died at the age of 26. The Habsburg dukes received loans from the Jews who lived under the protection of the royal court; Albert V turned against the Jews in 1421.
Frederick III (05:16)
Frederick became Holy Roman Emperor in 1442 and made Hofburg his imperial headquarters. He withstood an attack from Albert Habsburg but lost control of Vienna to King Matthias in 1482; he regained power when Matthias died. Frederick married his son Maximilian to Mary of Burgundy; Montefiore examines Frederick's tomb.
Marriage Alliances (02:30)
Three weddings, including Maximilian's marriage to Mary of Burgundy, established Vienna as a world capital. Maximilian married Philip the Handsome to Juana of Spain and his grandchildren to the heirs of Hungary, Bohemia, and Croatia.
Promoting the House of Habsburg (05:18)
Emperor Maximilian was one of the first rulers to use the printing press to self-promote. Montefiore examines the black and white, and color versions of Maximillian's procession prints. Charles V inherited the empire upon Maximilian's death and bequeathed Vienna and the Austrian lands to Ferdinand.
Ferdinand I (02:31)
Ferdinand became archduke in 1521 and inherited the lands of Hungary, Bohemia, and Croatia. Suleiman I marched on Vienna in 1529, beginning a 200 year long feud.
Rudolf II (04:02)
Ferdinand contained the threat of Protestant Reformation. Rudolf II encouraged religious diversity and was interested in art; he was known as Rudolf the Mad. Montefiore examines the works of Rudolf's court painter, Giuseppe Arcimboldo. In 1611, Matthias overthrew Rudolph II.
Leopold I (05:48)
Leopold became Holy Roman Emperor in 1658; he married Margarita Teresa in a grand celebration. Montefiore views an animated film depicting the "Horse Ballet" that was presented during the celebrations. Leopold expelled the Jews from the city and built a church on the site of their synagogue.
Storming Vienna (05:38)
Kara Mustafa led an attack in 1683 and Leopold fled to Lintz, calling for Christian kings to join a holy league. King Jan Sobieski led the alliance and successfully routed the Turks. Leopold commandeered the victory for the Habsburg dynasty.
Credits: Vienna: Empire, Dynasty, and Dream—Episode 1 (00:36)
Credits: Vienna: Empire, Dynasty, and Dream—Episode 1
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