Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic effects, leading to increased CO. View adverse side effects and learn about heart failure. Take the apical pulse prior to administration, digitalize the dose, and obtain plasma digoxin levels.
A nurse restricts a congestive heart failure patient's fluid intake, puts him on a low sodium diet, and gives him Lasix. Diuretics increase renal excretion of water, sodium, and other electrolytes. They include loop diuretics, thiazide diuretics, and potassium sparing diuretics.
Loop, Thiazide, and Potassium-Sparing Diuretics (04:16)
Loop diuretics include furosemide, bumetanide, and torsemide; thiazide diuretics include hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ), chlorthalidone and zaroxolyn. These medications inhibit sodium and chloride re-absorption in the renals. Potassium-sparing diuretics include amiloride, triamterene and spironolactone; they increase sodium excretion while sparing potassium. Learn about side effects.
Cholesterol-Lowering Medications (03:30)
Genetics or lifestyle may cause high blood cholesterol, a major atherosclerosis risk factor. Learn about HDL-LDL ratios. Cholestyramine and lovastatin lower LDL or interfere with cholesterol synthesis. Triglyceride lowering agents like gemfibrozil decrease lipoprotein and triglyceride synthesis. Learn about contraindications and side effects.
Credits: Heart Failure Meds and Cholesterol-Lowering Agents (00:12)
Credits: Heart Failure Meds and Cholesterol-Lowering Agents
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