Children at Risk (02:47)
Childhood obesity carries increased risks of hypertension, high blood pressure, and asthma. Margo Wootan explains how parents feel guilty because they cannot get their children to eat healthy. Overweight children discuss how their weight affects their lives.
Same Risk Factors as Adults (03:44)
Dr. Elsie Taveras describes how obese children could suffer from liver or heart disease by their mid-30s. Sofia Scarpone realizes she will never become a professional dancer unless she loses weight. Her mother tries to help her; they need support from professionals.
The WATCH Clinic (02:08)
A recent study showed that half of overweight teenage girls become severely obese by age 30. Dr. Robert Lustig diagnoses Sofia with Diabetes. One in three children born in the year 2000 will be diagnosed as diabetic during their lifetime.
Getting Help (02:13)
Bullies at school teased Tiarra Francis. Teneka Williams noticed a sudden weight gain in her daughter and enrolled the family in the One Step Ahead Program. Dr. Taveras tries to discover the impetus for weight gain at the first meeting.
Toxic Advertising (03:19)
Studies found a television in the bedroom leads to obesity. Experts discuss the ramifications of food commercials and brand loyalty.
Fight in Washington (04:33)
At the Accelerating Progress in Obesity Prevention Committee meeting, experts discuss how advertisers are moving to other venues to solicit children. In 2006, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommended limiting the marketing of unhealthy food to children. Leading companies created the Children's Food and Beverage Advertising Initiative.
Interagency Working Group (04:02)
Experts from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Food and Drug Administration, the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the Federal Trade Commission worked with Congress to create a proposal to improve nutritional standards of foods marketed to children. The food industry fought against regulations.
Empowering Children (04:09)
Latorra McNair and Damian Rowin noticed their daughter gaining weight and getting teased, and enrolled her in the University of Wisconsin Pediatric Fitness Program. Tea Rowin enjoys exercising. Only 10% of parents seek medical help for their overweight children.
School Lunches (02:51)
Children consume 40-50% of their daily calories at school. Most parents believe that school lunches are healthy; 94% of schools fail to meet USDA standards. Experts describe how lunchrooms mimic food courts and why healthy meals cannot compete with outside vendors.
Hamilton Middle School (04:18)
Faculty members describe the effects of unhealthy lunches on schoolchildren. Food Coordinator Iris Tirando-Noonan explains how the lunches are prepared. Parents do not know exactly what their children are imbibing.
Obesity Prevention Committee (03:47)
Congress passed the Healthy Hunger-Free Kid's Act in December 2010, which instructs the USDA to develop higher nutrition standards, based upon recommendations from the IOM. Experts discuss the benefits of the bill. Due to budget cuts, the bill changed.
Drinks are a Source of Sugar (05:21)
Sugar-sweetened drinks and fruit juices are the highest source of sugar in the diets of children and adolescents. President Bill Clinton passed legislation removing sodas from elementary schools, but manufacturers replaced it with juices containing high calories and sugar. Marketing targets teenagers and children for energy drinks, even though it in not recommended for those age groups.
Physical Activity (03:46)
Parents discuss how difficult it is to force their children to play outside. Galen Guetschow preferred to play video games and now struggles with obesity, high triglycerides, and high cholesterol. Less than 20% of children walk to school.
Physical Education in School (02:04)
PE is no longer mandatory and parents are afraid to send children outside to play unsupervised. One in six schools currently requires PE three days a week.
Combating Obesity in Texas (04:44)
Jane Nelson and Leticia Van de Putte discuss the obstacles to passing legislature including a PE requirement. Guidelines recommend that all children have at least one hour of physical activity daily. Susan Combs created Fitness now, which funds 30 minutes of daily PE in more than 500 middle schools.
Galen Guetschow's Success (03:11)
The Guetschows enrolled Galen in the University of Wisconsin Health Pediatric Fitness Clinic. After 18 months, Galen's muscle mass improved and body mass index decreased.
Healthy Choices and Long-term Effects (04:58)
Tiarra Francis lost weight and is more active at home. Experts stress the need for a multi-component program to address and prevent childhood obesity; food manufacturers must share in the endeavor. Watch a preview of the next episode.
Credits: The Weight of the Nation: Part 3— Children in Crisis (02:20)
Credits: The Weight of the Nation: Part 3— Children in Crisis
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