Importance of Latin American Magical Realism (02:12)
The Latin American Boom changed the way writers write and the way readers read. Iconic writers of the time became as important to 20th-century literature as the great American and European and American authors.
What is "Magical Realism?" (01:43)
As applied to literature, magical realism in Latin America seems to refer more to a mode or pose than a genre. Authors who wrote in this vein bring opposites together--suddenly all the contradictions that made Latin America made sense.
Latin American Literary Boom (01:07)
Magical realism was one weapon in the arsenal of the new generation of writers. As the "Boom" gathered momentum, it brought together authors with distinct agendas and styles, such as Mexican writer Juan Rulfo and Ernesto Sabato.
Latin American Boom: The Role of Journalism (02:52)
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, authors became more flexible in the approach to their work. Many of Latin America's greatest writers, such as Juan Rulfo and Miguel +üngel Asturias made their livings at one point as journalists.
Journalists as Narrative Writers and Activists (05:00)
The "new style" of Latin American journalism influenced journalists/writers such as Alejo Carpentier, Gabriel Garc+¡a M+írquez, Augusto Roa Basto, Mario Vargas Llosa, Juan Carlos Onetti ,and Juan Jose Arreola.
Basic Premise of Latin American Boom: Impossibility of Depicting What Is Real (02:07)
Gabriel Garc+¡a M+írquez is often credited with the beginnings of the literary "boom" in Latin America. Broad tendencies of the boom include a fascination with fantasy and popular mythology and superimposing languages.
Modernization Process of the Latin American Boom (02:35)
The Latin American Boom was in full swing between 1953 and 1972, but its headwaters can be traced to Juan Carlos Onetti, the true pioneer of the Latin American novel.
Writers, Political Oppression, and Passions (02:10)
Influential writers of the 1950s and 1960s include Gabriel Garc+¡a M+írquez, Augusto Roa Bastos, and Alejo Carpentier.
Juan Rulfo and Magical Realism (02:24)
In 1955 Juan Rulfo published "Pedro P+íramo," a book seminal to the development of magical realism. In his books, Rulfo was able to reveal the inner life of the ordinary man.
Jose Maria Arguedas: Indigenous and Mainstream Peruvian Culture (01:34)
The innovative style of Jose Maria Arguedas created a world where traditions laden with magic were interwoven into the urban fabric of Peru. Arguedas elevated the particular to universal status, and his was the voice of indigenous people.
Carlos Fuentes and Mario Vargas Llosa: Social Critics (03:41)
The 1950s came to a close with the publication of a seminal work by Carlos Fuentes, "Where the Air is Clear." His style in this book is lyrical, social criticism. The works of Mario Vargas Llosa are discussed in this segment.
Key Novels of the Latin American Boom (03:48)
Influential novels of the Latin American boom include Carlos Fuentes' "The Death of Artemio Cruz," and Jos+¬ Donoso's "Coronation" and "The Obscene Bird of Night."
Latin American Boom Authors: Augusto Roa Bastos and Julio Cortazar (03:29)
In 1960, Augusto Roa Bastos published "The Son of Man," a novel that recounts the history of Paraguay from the mid-19th century. The novel has socio-political and religious overtones. Cortazar's "Hopscotch" appeared in 1963.
Cuban Novelist José Lezama Lima (01:59)
In 1966, the Cuban novelist and poet José Lezama Lima produced "Paradise," a novel bringing together his highly visual imagination and poetic sensibilities. This segments includes an excerpt from the novel.
Magical Realism: Touchstone Novel (03:24)
Gabriel Garc+¡a M+írquez's "100 Years of Solitude" is considered the touchstone novel in the magical realist mode. This segment features an excerpt from the novel.
Dictators and Latin American Boom (04:12)
Latin American writers expose the world of dictators in the Fathers of the Fatherland project. The writers are Augusto Roa Bastos and Gabriel Garc+¡a M+írquez.
Mario Vargas Llosa: History and Loss of Liberty (01:52)
Mario Vargas Llosa's novel "Conversation in the Cathedral" consists of four stylistically distinct books. The novel is an epic chronicle of a Latin American dictatorship. An excerpt of the novel is included.
Prologue: Literary Impact of Latin American Boom (01:06)
The Latin American boom sent ripples throughout the literary world. Though its origins may be obscure, its effects are not. The place of the boom in the history of literature is assured.
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