Latin American Literature at the Dawn of the 20th Century (02:43)
Latin America was vibrant with vitality at the start of the 20th century, but unrest characterized the arts. The Modernismo aesthetic movement was spreading across the continent and writers tried to make sense of progress and change.
Ruben Dario and the Attack on Modernismo (02:51)
An aesthetic reactionary movement against Modernismo can be traced to Ruben Dario's 1896 work, "Profane Prose," which infuriated some Latin American writers. Mexican writer Enrique Gonz+ílez Mart+¡nez formulated a response to Dario's style.
Sensuality and Eroticism in Latin American Poetry (01:50)
Many Latin American poets respected Ruben Dario yet sought out their own unique poetic voices. Sensuality and eroticism in the work of several early 20th century Latin American poets is examined.
Latin American Poets: Delmira Agustini (03:58)
Writers such as Delmira Agustini were able to criticize Modernismo within Modernismo. Her reaction to Modernismo and her poems of decadence and sensuality are examined.
Latin American Poets: Ramón López Velarde (02:29)
Ramón López Velarde explored themes of eroticism, sensuality, and nationalism in his poetry. Verlarde is profiled and his poetry is examined.
Latin American Literature: Advent of the Avant-Garde (04:44)
In the arts, the avant-garde push the limits of what is acceptable within standard definitions of culture and art. In Latin America the early 20th century was a time of upheaval and social change; effects on the arts and literature are examined.
Latin American Literature: Avant-Garde Manifestos (02:13)
Latin American avant-garde movements consisted of small groups of artists who rallied around a founding member. Manifestos outlined the principles and purposes which guided their art; these manifestos often evolved into literary journals.
Latin American Literature: Vicente Huidobro and Avant-Garde Poetry (03:43)
The Latin American avant-garde had a major impact on the genre of poetry, where it attacked Modernismo with passion. The role of Vicente Huidobro in leading this movement, and his work, are examined.
Latin American Literature: Pablo Neruda and Avant-Garde Poetry (03:11)
Chilean poet Pablo Neruda took the Latin American avant-garde movement to a new level. The style, evolution, and significance of Neruda's work are examined.
Latin American Literature: César Vallejo and Avant-Garde Poetry (04:24)
César Vallejo's poems dealt with themes of anguish and pain; his relationship with the avant-garde was strained but he was an important poet of the movement. Vallejo is profiled and the style and significance of his work are examined.
Latin American Literature: Jose Carlos Mariategui and the Avant-Garde (02:05)
Political philosopher Jose Carlos Mariategui was a key figure at the influential avant-garde journal "Amauta." The significance of his writing, and of "Amauta," are examined.
Latin American Literature: The Stridentism Movement (02:34)
Two influential avant-garde literary groups, Stridentism and the Contemporaneos, arose in early 20th century Mexico. The manifesto and impact of the Stridentism movement are examined.
Latin American Literature: The Contemporaneos (01:54)
Two influential avant-garde literary groups, Stridentism and the Contemporaneos, arose in early 20th century Mexico. Leaders of the Contemporaneos, its manifesto, and its impact are examined.
The Influence of Ultraism on Latin American Literature (04:38)
The avant-garde made a strong impression on the region which includes Argentina, Chile, Uraguay, and Paraguay. The effects of Ultraism on Argentine literature are explored and the work of Argentine poets including Jorge Luis Borges is examined.
Latin American Literature: Avant-Garde Prose (03:36)
Latin America's literary avant-garde is usually associated with poetry, but it was felt across all genres. Effects of the avant-garde on Latin American prose are discussed and the works of leading writers are examined.
Latin America's Literary Avant-Garde Movements (01:36)
The Latin American literary avant-garde of the 1920s highlights the complex dynamics among aesthetics, politics, ethics, language, and art. Avant-garde movements addressed a variety of themes which led to later innovations.
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