Segments in this Video

Aesthetic Movements and Literature in 19th Century Latin America (02:14)


Latin American literature of the 19th century was created during an era of tumultuous political change. Latin America interpreted Europe's aesthetic movements of the time in new ways, blurring the boundaries between Romanticism, Realism, and Naturalism.

Latin American Literature: The Novel and Nationhood (02:57)

The novel was the literary genre which dominated Latin American literature in the mid-1800s. The emergence of the novel during this period is generally associated with the issue of nationhood.

Latin American Literature: The Sentimental Novel (03:38)

The tradition of the sentimental novel reaches back to pre-Romantic antecedents; Jorge Isaacs' "Maria" is one of the most well known of the sentimental novels. Isaacs is profiled and the significance of "Maria" is examined.

Latin American Literature: Historical Novels and National Identity (04:44)

Latin America's 19th century historical novels became wildly popular as a means for promoting national identity. Significant authors of the time are profiled and the nature and significance of their historical novels are examined.

Latin American Literature: "Cumanda" (02:40)

Juan Leon Mera's "Cumanda" was published in 1879 and is considered to be the first Ecuadorian novel. The novel's plot is discussed and its significance is examined.

Latin American Literature: "Juan de la Rosa" (02:04)

Juan de la Rosa was written by Bolivian writer Nataniel Aguirre and published in 1885. The novel's plot is discussed and its significance is examined.

Latin American Literature: "Enriquillo" (01:29)

Dominican writer Manuel de Jesus Galvan wrote "Enriquillo" around 1882. The historical novel's plot is discussed and its significance is examined.

Latin American Authors: Ricardo Palma (03:14)

Ricardo Palma of Peru is credited with creating an entirely new literary genre which weaves together journalism, oral history, folk tales, and scholarly research. Palma is profiled and the impact of his work is examined.

Latin American Political Novels: "Amalia" (03:44)

Latin American authors of the 19th century blurred the boundaries between Romanticism and Realism. Argentine author Jose Marmol's highly political novel "Amalia" is examined.

Latin American Political Novels: "The Slaughterhouse" (04:20)

Esteban Echeverria was one of Latin America's most important 19th century Romantic writers. The significance of his political novel "The Slaughterhouse" is examined.

Latin American Literature: Romantic Poetry (03:02)

In Latin America, poetry is well suited for use in making political statements. Romantic poet Jose Maria Heredia is profiled and his work is examined.

Latin American Literature: Gaucho Poetry (02:42)

The history, significance, and impact of Latin America's gaucho literature is examined. Bartolome Hidalgo and other gaucho poets are profiled and their work is examined.

Latin American Literature: "Martin Fiero" (02:41)

Many literary scholars assert that "Martin Fiero" is the leading example of Latin America's gaucho poetry. Argentine author Jose Hernandez is profiled and the significance of "Martin Fiero" is examined.

Realism in Latin American Literature (04:47)

Realism arose in Europe as a reaction to the idealism of Romanticism; in Latin America the movement highlighted the plight of the poor. Several authors and works associated with the Realist movement are profiled.

Latin American Literature: "Santa" (01:35)

Writer and diplomat Federico Gamboa wrote one of Mexico's most famous novels, "Santa." Gamboa is profiled, the plot of "Santa" is examined, and the novel's significance is discussed.

Naturalism in Latin American Literature (03:02)

Naturalists worked to describe objective reality through the lens of scientific rigor. "In the Blood" and other works by Naturalist Argentinian writer Eugenio Cambaceres are examined.

For additional digital leasing and purchase options contact a media consultant at 800-257-5126
(press option 3) or

From Romanticism to Realism

Part of the Series : Fire & Ink: The Legacy of Latin American Literature
DVD (Chaptered) Price: $149.95
DVD + 3-Year Streaming Price: $224.93
3-Year Streaming Price: $149.95



The 19th century brought tumultuous political change to Central and South America. This program shows how the cultural crucible of the region fused and realigned aesthetic movements considered sacrosanct in Europe—specifically, Romanticism, realism, and naturalism. In an eclectic matching game that became typical of Latin American literature, realist and historical novels existed cheek-and-jowl with Romantic poetry, Romantic novels competed with the anecdotes of Ricardo Palma, and newspaper serials vied for attention with costumbrismo—a genre that depicted everyday manners and customs. Jicoténcal, Jorge Isaacs’ Maria, and Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda’s Guatimozín, Last Emperor of Mexico are among the works discussed. An FFH&S/Tranquilo Coproduction. (51 minutes)

Length: 51 minutes

Item#: BVL35416

ISBN: 978-1-4213-7770-4

Copyright date: ©2008

Closed Captioned

Reviews & Awards

2008 Telly Award


Performance Rights

Prices include public performance rights.