The Nature of Latin American Literature (01:32)
Pre-Hispanic literature of the Americas suffered irreparably when Spanish conquistadors arrived. Latin American literature reflects a complex relationship of imitation, innovation, and antagonism with the literature of Europe.
Latin America's Literature of Independence (03:56)
Political policies imposed by Spain at the end of the 18th century led to rebellions in her American colonies. Latin American literature of the era reflected a growing spirit of independence, and liberty was a central theme for writers of all genres.
The First Latin American Novel (03:24)
Mexican author and political journalist Jos+¬ Joaqu+¡n Fern+índez de Lizardi wrote Latin America's first novel, "El Periquillo Sarniento." Experts profile Lizardi and analyze the significance and impact of his work.
Mexican Activist, Priest, and Author: Servando Teresa de Mier (03:11)
Mexican Dominican priest Servando Teresa de Mier struggled for his country's independence, stood up to the Church, and was exiled in Spain. Experts profile Servando and analyze the significance and impact of his work.
Romanticism, Poetry, and a Latin American Identity (02:31)
Romanticism swept Europe in the 18th century, and South American revolutionaries embraced the movement. In 1832 Esteban Echeverr+¡a introduced Romanticism to Latin America, and in 1846 the first anthology of Latin American poetry was published.
Gaucho Poetry: Bartolomé Hidalgo (03:14)
Latin American independence movements gave rise to a new type of popular verse, gaucho poetry. Experts analyze the social significance of gaucho poetry and profile the life and work of poet Bartolomé Hidalgo.
Latin American Poetry: Mariano Melgar (01:31)
Mestizo poet Mariano Melgar blended standard elements of high poetry with indigenous traditions; much of his work sounded a cry for independence from Spain. Experts profile Melgar and analyze the significance and impact of his work.
Latin American National Anthems (00:54)
Latin America's populist style of poetry gave voice to the people and cried out for independence from Spain. During this period several Latin American national anthems were composed.
Politics and Discourse in Latin American Literature: Simon Bolivar (02:53)
Letters, speeches, and manifestos of those who led the drive for Latin American independence make up a large part of the Latin American literary archive. Simon Bolivar is profiled and his "Letter from Jamaica" is examined.
Latin American Revolutionary Andres Bello (04:06)
Latin America's literature of revolution and independence inspired a great deal of reflection on notions of Latin American identity. Influential revolutionary Andres Bello is profiled and his literary legacy is examined.
The Essay in Latin American Literature (02:07)
The prose essay became a fixture in Latin American literature during the Era of Revolution. The significance and impact of Latin America's great essayists, including Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, is examined.
Latin American Politics and Literature: Domingo Faustino Sarmiento (03:06)
Domingo Faustino Sarmiento was an author, educator, and president of Argentina. Experts profile Sarmiento and examine the influence of his writings and the essential impact of his work in shaping a Latin American identity.
Latin American Politics and Literature: José Martí (03:54)
Cuban national hero José Martí was one of Latin America's leading intellectuals, revolutionaries, and poets. Experts profile Martí and examine the significance and impact of his work, including the essay, "Nuestra America."
Latin American Slavery and Abolitionist Literature (05:09)
There was a large slave population across Latin America, much of it in Central America and Brazil. Experts examine the impact of Latin American abolitionist writers, including Cirilo Villaverde, author of "Cecilia Valdes."
Latin American Slavery and Abolitionist Literature: Autobiography of a Slave (04:45)
Latin American abolitionist literature drew inspiration from the first person testimony of Cuban slave Juan Francisco Manzano. Experts profile Manzano and examine the development and impact of his autobiography.
Latin American Literature, Independence, and Identity (01:42)
Latin American politics and independence are inextricably tied to its literature. The great Latin American writers of the first half of the 19th century laid the foundation of a new Latin American cultural identity.
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