Paris and the 19th-Century Novelists (02:22)
Each Parisian district has a different character and flavor to it. Rue Volta contains the oldest house, dating back to the 13th Century. Honoré de Balzac, Alexandre Dumas (père), Victor Hugo, Stendhal, George Sand, and Emile Zola contributed to the atmosphere and life of Paris. (Credits)
Honoré de Balzac (04:13)
When his family moved to the Marais, de Balzac studied to become a lawyer. The writer decided to become a publisher after accumulating debt, but the business failed. Ewelina Hanski persuaded him to come to Italy.
Gustave Flaubert (04:06)
Flaubert was born in Rouen and began to write in early childhood. Juliet Herbert was a longstanding friend and advocate. He wrote "Madame Bovary" at Croisset.
Stendhal and Dumas (04:52)
Marie-Henri Beyle adopted the moniker Stendhal. Alexandre Dumas (père) trained as a lawyer, but hated it and wrote "The Count of Monte Cristo." George Sand wore men's clothes, wrote at Nohant, and visited with Balzac, Frederic Chopin, Dumas, Flaubert, and Théophile Gautier.
Alexandre Dumas and Hugo (05:00)
In "La Dame aux Camelias," the character of Marguerite Gautier is based on Marie Duplessis, the real-life lover of Dumas, fils. After three unsuccessful attempts, Hugo was finally elected to the Académie française in 1841. Hugo relocated to Guernsey in exile, and completed "Les Misérables."
Emile Zola (02:38)
Publishers turned down "L'Assommoir" three times before Zola found someone who would print it. He wrote four or five pages a day. The Dreyfuss affair haunted Zola and he left town; authorities wonder about the nature of his death.
Credits: Paris and 19th-Century Novelists (01:42)
Credits: Paris and 19th-Century Novelists
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