Before the 19th Century (03:39)
In the 19th,century poets flocked to Europe because of its aesthetics. Geoffrey Chaucer traveled to Italy and read Dante Alighieri, Francesco Petrarch, and Giovanni Boccaccio; Vallombrosa inspired the forest in John Milton's "Paradise Lost." (Credits)
William Wordsworth (03:20)
William Wordsworth settled with his sister, Dorothy, at Dove Cottage in 1799. Listen to excerpts of "The Daffodils." Wordsworth married Mary Hutchinson and settled at Rydal Mount.
George Gordon: Early Life (04:17)
George Gordon was born in London, but Newstead Abbey became his home when Lord Byron V died. Listen to excerpts of "Don Juan." He learned the Abbey was sold and composed several poems to honor it, including "Elegy on Newstead Abbey," "The Adieu Newstead Abbey," "On Leaving Newstead Abbey," and parts of "Childe Harold."
George Gordon: Later Life (04:03)
Lord Byron wrote "Childe Harold Pilgrimage," "The Italian Cantos," and "Beppo" in Venice. He dedicated his life to Greek Independence from the Ottoman Empire. Listen to excerpts of "Don Juan," "Siege of Corinth," and "The Ocean."
Percy Bysshe Shelley (05:16)
Listen to excerpts of "Ode to the West Wind" and "To a Skylark." Shelley eloped with Harriet Westbrook; three years later he abandoned her for Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin. The pair traveled to Italy where he wrote "Ode to the West Wind" and drowned.
John Keats (03:55)
John Keats attended Guy's Hospital as a medical student. Listen to excerpts of "Adonais" and "Ode to the Nightingale." After Keats' brother Tom died, he moved into Charles Armitage Brown's Wentworth Place; Keats spent the last three months of his life in Rome.
Elizabeth Barret Browning (02:58)
Browning's "Love Sonnets" were composed during her courtship to Robert Browning. Listen to excerpts of "How Do I Love Thee?" and "I heard last night a little child go singing." After they were married, the pair traveled to Italy; Browning died in 1861.
Alfred Tennyson (02:43)
Germany, Italy, and France inspired Tennyson. Queen Victoria admired the poet's writing and made him a Lord. Listen to excerpts of "The Lady of Shalott," "Crossing the Bar," and "In Memoriam."
Oscar Wilde and Algernon Charles Swinburne (04:14)
Wilde won a scholarship to Trinity College and became an outstanding playwright, poet, and critic. The writer left the country after he was imprisoned for his relationship with Lord Alfred Douglas. Swinburne wrote "Atalanta in Calydon" and "The Garden of Prosperine."
Credits: England's Writers of the 19th Century (02:05)
Credits: England's Writers of the 19th Century
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