Repercussions of the Rising (04:01)
During the 1916 Easter Rising, Dublin was reduced to rubble by the British troops; many Irish rebels and children were killed. Due to the Great War, the British reaction was to treat the rebels as defectors and many of them were sentenced to death by firing squad.
Execution of the Leaders (04:21)
Sir John Maxwell court marshaled leaders and sent all others to prison camps; Pearse, Clarke, and Macdonagh are the first put to death. Pearse saw execution as the great rebel weapon; hear an excerpt from Macdonagh's letter to his son.
Private Executions Continue (06:24)
The execution of the rebel leaders continued, but the British government spread them out and tried to keep them from the Irish public; hear excerpts from several leader's last letters. After Irish leader John Dillon delivers a passionate speech against British retribution, several prominent rebels are removed from execution lists.
Following the Executions (06:08)
The dramatic failure of the Rising and executions which followed led to many radicalized Irishmen such as Edward Maclysaght. The Battle of Somme was the Ulster Unionists version of the Rising. Roger Casement was hanged for treason effectively ending the British executions.
European Militarization (04:45)
After the Easter Rising, British troops arrested many Irish civilians uninvolved in the rebellion. In 1918, Sinn Fein was placed in power as Irish rejected home rule. Europe was becoming militarized when the IRA and Ulster Special Constabulary established themselves.
Moving Towards Revolution (03:26)
Sinn Fein form their own Irish Parliament titled Eireann Dail declaring themselves the new Irish Republic, but they were not tolerated by the British government. Michael Collins led the IRA into a guerrilla war for independence; American Irish and Indian revolutionists decided to share ideas.
Starting Civil War in Ireland (04:37)
The theatrical Irish rebellion inspired Lenin, Israeli nationalists, and Nehru due to globalization which began in the 19th century. Discourse between northern and southern Ireland lead to civil war; twenty-six Irish counties became the Irish Free State.
Modernizing the Irish Rebellion (04:15)
De Valera, Ireland's chief minister, gave a speech, hear an excerpt, which states the Irish rebellion is a template for the country's future. The Catholic Church rose into much political power at this time, and Catriona Crowe says farming peasants were subjects of the church.
Gaining Irish Independence (05:36)
Ireland maintains stability during WWII, but the rebellious spirit comes back in 1966 when revolution is a part of Irish Nationalism. The Irish are now second-class citizens in their country and descend into a civil right guerrilla war.
Ignoring Irish Rebellion Violence (05:52)
The Irish deny the 1916 rebellion was violent, and the Irish and Fenians signed a peace treaty with Britain who guaranteed Irish civil liberties. Mary Daly says Easter Monday, 1916 must be the Irish Independence Day, but people wish to ignore the historical violence.
Credits: 1916: The Irish Rebellion-Episode 3 (00:47)
Credits: 1916: The Irish Rebellion-Episode 3
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