1916: The Irish Rebellion—Introduction (02:50)
The Irish revolution was not inevitable; it was forced by the removal of Irish basic civil rights. British rule effectively made the Irish second class citizens.
Revolution of the Mind (03:05)
The Irish proclamation of 1916 echoed every cultural, political, and philosophical revolution of the 18th and 19th centuries.
British Empire (06:06)
Britain was intent on global expansion, but left the Irish people to die in famine. John Devoy was exiled to America; he was fundamental to the Irish Republican Brotherhood.
Dynamite Campaign (03:25)
The campaign was the first time Britain faced a sustained threat to its homeland security. King Leopold's brutal regime in the Congo sparked Roger Casements crusade against slavery and imperial conquest; he became interested in the I.R.B.
Abbey Theater (04:55)
The theater became the front line of the philosophical revolution in Ireland. Many political actors and playwrights presented revolutionary ideas.
Irish Divide (05:30)
Ireland was split between those who wanted home rule, and those who wanted to remain under British rule. The IRB’s new mission was to infiltrate military volunteers and build an army.
Language of Civil War (04:51)
The need to radicalize volunteers became more apparent as the nation sat on the brink of war. Geraldine Plunkett Dillon cites the necessity of social justice. By 1900, Dublin was the biggest slum in Europe.
Irish Rebellion (04:10)
War broke out and Britain postponed the implementation of Irish home rule. John Redmond called for Irish volunteers enlist. The IRB organized a silent mass rebellion until Patrick Pearse fashioned verbal weapons.
Balance of Power (03:27)
The German alliance was settled as many fighting Irishmen question their part in the war. Connolly began planning an anti-British demonstration and joined the Military Council.
Practice Uprising (04:18)
Jeremiah O’Donovan Rossa's funeral presented an opportunity for the IRB to make their presence known. Despite certain council member’s protests, the volunteers march on Dublin on St. Patrick’s Day, 1916.
Unprovoked Insurrection (06:18)
Tragedy struck as incoming German weapons were lost. Eoin MacNeill attempted to stop the rebellion, but thousands of Irishmen and women decided the rising would continue.
Credits: The Irish Rebellion (00:47)
Credits: The Irish Rebellion
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