Frederick Douglas: Free Man (03:05)
In 1838, Douglass planned his escape and boarded a ferry to New York City. He married Anna Murray and they settled in New Bedford. He was an avid reader of "The Liberator."
"That is Slavery" Speech (01:57)
Douglass traveled to hear Garrison speak in Nantucket and ended up speaking himself. He recalls the violence he witnessed as a boy.
Plea to Share Testimony (03:25)
Garrison asks Douglass how he first realized he was a slave and implores him to join the abolitionist cause.
New Voice of Abolition (02:02)
By speaking publicly, Douglass risked capture by bounty hunters. Garrison hoped to deprive the South of financial and political support from the North.
Personal Liberty Act (03:20)
Captured slave George Latimer was set free thanks to the efforts of Douglass, Garrison, and other abolitionists. They collected 65,000 signatures and delivered them to the Massachusetts State House in 1843.
"Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass" (03:14)
In 1845, Douglass fled to Great Britain when his owner Thomas Auld vowed to send him back to the cotton fields.
Secret Plan for Abolitionist Newspaper (04:33)
Douglass did not experience racism in Great Britain where he was treated as a celebrity. He returned to the U.S. in 1847 and rejoined Garrison on the anti-slavery speaking tour.
"The North Star" (01:57)
In 1847, Douglas moved to Rochester. He started his abolitionist newspaper and kept it afloat with help from Julia Griffiths.
Anti-Slavery Strategy (04:28)
John Brown asks Douglass to join him in freeing slaves from plantations in Virginia.
Mexican–American War (02:01)
The expansion of slave territory in 1846 divided the country.
"Uncle Tom's Cabin" (04:41)
Cholera swept across the U.S. in 1849, eclipsing the anti-slavery movement. When Stowe's son Charlie fell ill and died, she felt she could understand the grief of a slave mother.
The Great Compromise (03:30)
California was admitted to the Union as a free state. The Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 legitimized the kidnapping of free blacks. Abolitionists were called traitors.
Accusations in the Media (03:18)
Garrison redoubled his efforts, but many abolitionists, including Douglass, thought his methods were insufficient. The former friends traded insults publicly.
Defying the Fugitive Slave Law (04:22)
When a runaway slave knocked on Stowe's door, she was glad to help despite the potential punishment. "Uncle Tom's Cabin" was published in 1852 and adapted as a play.
Anthony Burns Returned to Virginia (04:14)
"Uncle Tom's Cabin" triggered a wave of defiance to the Fugitive Slave law. Black and white advocates mounted an assault on the courthouse in an attempt to free Burns.
Credits: The Abolitionists: Part 2 (02:14)
Credits: The Abolitionists: Part 2
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