Charleston Aristocracy in 1820s (04:18)
Angelina Grimke lived a life of luxury. She railed against slavery because she was fearful that God would punish white masters.
"Entrance to the Hell of Slavery" (01:56)
Frederick Douglas began his life as a slave at 6 years old and soon witnessed a brutal whipping.
Asset to National Economy (02:13)
In the 1820s, there were two million slaves in the U.S. The cotton gin made slavery indispensable to the North and South. Only blacks spoke out against the institution.
Vision for America's Future (04:21)
William Lloyd Garrison was fiercely Christian. He was horrified by descriptions of slavery and thought ending it could be his life's purpose. He boarded with free blacks in Baltimore.
"The Liberator" (02:04)
In 1830, Garrison was in Boston pursuing his dream of a newspaper. He received financial support from black abolitionists and began printing.
Nat Turner's Rebellion (02:04)
Garrison's newspaper, "The Liberator," was propelled to national prominence after the massacre in Virginia. A bounty was put on his head.
Harriet Beecher (02:12)
Over 50 abolitionist groups formed in 10 states. Lymon Beecher opposed slavery, but did not trust activists. His daughter witnessed a slave auction.
American Anti-Slavery Society (02:17)
In 1833, abolitionists gathered in Boston; Garrison drew up the group's charter. They pledged to use "moral suasion" to convert slave holders.
Fight With Edward Covey (03:24)
Covey was a slave-breaker that whipped Douglas without mercy for six months until he fought back.
Postal Campaign and Racist Violence (03:35)
In 1835, there were over 300 chapters of the American Anti-Slavery Society. Garrison and Lewis Tappan made a plan to confront slave holders. Southerners were outraged.
Appeal to the "Christian Women of the South" (03:07)
Grimke lived in Philadelphia and followed reports of the abolitionist movement. Reports of pro-slavery violence inspired her to write to Garrison.
Anti-Abolitionist Violence (03:04)
On October 21, 1835, Garrison was violently accosted in Boston. He was put in jail overnight for his own protection. His faith in his fellow man was shaken and he became more radical.
Dedicated to Destruction of Slavery (02:46)
In 1837, an anti-slavery printer was murdered by a mob in Illinois. John Brown took this as a sign from God to stand up to evil.
Abolitionist Training Session (03:31)
Garrison, Theodore Weld, and the Grimke sisters were in New York. Ministers condemned the Grimkes for speaking in front of men.
Burning of Pennsylvania Hall (04:18)
Grimke and Weld were married. Philadelphia was full of racial tension. Violence did not stop Grimke from speaking out.
"American Slavery as It Is" (02:40)
The Welds moved to New Jersey and wrote a book filled with firsthand accounts of slavery. It became the bestselling book in the nation.
Fragmented Abolitionist Movement (02:48)
By 1840, Garrison had alienated his allies. He insisted that abolitionists renounce the government. Membership of the American Anti-Slavery Society plummeted.
Credits: The Abolitionists: Part 1 (02:14)
Credits: The Abolitionists: Part 1
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