Retelling the Holocaust (02:55)
Robyn Thaler Hickey travels from Toronto to Celle, Germany, to investigate her grandmother's experience in Bergen-Belsen. Experts discuss the complexity of memory and making history relevant to younger generations.
Bergen-Belsen Memorial (04:52)
Dr. Habbo Knoch directs an exhibition at a mass grave site; no buildings remain. Hickey's grandmother Sala Lustiger and her sister Masza survived Nazi deportation by sewing. In late 1944, they were marched to Bergen-Belsen; survivors recall piles of corpses.
Testimonial Approach to Holocaust History (04:51)
Belgen-Bersen Memorial curators use survivor interviews. Hickey's grandmother told her stories, but Hanna Levy-Hass' diary provided an environmental context for her experience. Sala and Masza arrived in March 1945; Masza was one of 85,000 to die of starvation and disease.
Bergen-Belsen Liberation (05:25)
Survivors recall British troops entering the camp. Brigadier Glyn Hughes oversaw mass burials and destruction of barracks; half of the victims died of disease after liberation. Hickey visits her aunt Masza's burial site.
Bergen-Belsen Displaced Persons Camp (04:07)
Millions of Holocaust survivors had no home to return to and occupied British-run camps, where Jewish culture experienced a rebirth. View footage of schools, theaters, and soccer games.
Jewish Rebirth and Zionism (03:24)
There were thousands of marriages and children born over five years at the Bergen-Belsen Displaced Persons Camp. A self-organized civil society developed, and pushed for returning to Israel. Learn about the Exodus incident.
State of Israel (05:01)
View footage of the U.N. voting to partition Palestine. Sam Bloch broadcasted the meeting at the Bergen-Belsen Displaced Persons Camp. Morris Barth recalls the song "Tell Me Where Can I Go." Hear destination statistics for Jewish immigrants.
Tracing Family History (05:05)
Hickey's grandmother worked as a nurse's aide in Munich and visited friends in the Bergen-Belsen Displaced Persons Camp. She met her husband in Paris but returned to Bergen-Belsen to give birth to Hickey's mother. Hickey visits the abandoned Glyn Hughes Hospital.
Second Generation (05:25)
Hickey struggles to comprehend how her grandmother maintained a positive outlook after the Holocaust. Jochi Olewski and Sally Zigler's parents were open about their experiences while Larry Eisenstein's parents suffered nightmares. He has expressed their terror through art.
Agents of Memory (06:05)
Moshe Kraus says a prayer during a 2010 ceremony at Bergen-Belsen. Holocaust memory is situated within cultural context. Educators and historians compare Anne Frank's account and the graphic novel "Maus" as teaching materials for the complex topic.
3G & Y (04:55)
Educators worry that the Holocaust is being oversimplified in schools. Leora Klein and Dan Brooks founded an organization training the grandchildren of Holocaust survivors to tell their stories. Felice Cohen speaks to an 8th grade class in Harlem; hear student responses.
Teaching the Holocaust (03:48)
Michelle Sorise discusses the importance of bringing firsthand accounts to the classroom. Museum of Jewish Heritage director David Marwell makes survivor stories central to exhibits. Knoch wants Bergen-Belsen Memorial visitors to realize they do not have the full story.
Holocaust and the Arts (04:02)
Marianne Hirsch believes artistic mediums are necessary to transmit the complexity of the Holocaust. Lawrence L. Langer turned to films, theater, and literature to identify with survivors. Samuel Bak discusses using art to communicate experiences; Michael Marrus cautions against mythologizing or falsifying history.
Hollywood's Version of the Holocaust (05:31)
Leora Klein and Madeline Block object to historical inaccuracies in "Life is Beautiful." Mel Brooks discusses ridiculing Hitler in "The Producers." Hickey recalls educating high school classmates who made a joke of the Holocaust.
Unique or Universal? (03:05)
Dustin Stein and Sorise draw parallels between the Holocaust and other human rights issues. Some scholars feel it is a unique event, and should not be connected to other history.
Future of Holocaust Memory (03:55)
Bergen-Belsen Memorial curators try to convince students who are neither German nor Jewish that the history is relevant to them. Education is crucial for preventing another Holocaust. Hickey reflects on her visit to Bergen-Belsen in terms of preserving her grandmother’s story.
Credits: Memory After Belsen: The Future of Holocaust Memory (00:0-4287)
Credits: Memory After Belsen: The Future of Holocaust Memory
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