Unexpected Purposes (01:56)
Geoffrey Baer gives a preview of the ten American parks he will present. Each park embodies a different innovative approach to urban design.
Squares of Savannah: Savannah, GA (04:15)
Europe reserved such parks for the wealthy. The Squares of Savannah were intended for public use, fitting the charitable nature of the colony of Georgia. The Square also featured water pumps, city meetings, and ovens for bread-baking.
Fairmount Park: Philadelphia, PA (04:04)
In Philadelphia, the Fairmount Park was built to aid in water conservation. Because of a shortage and an outbreak of yellow fever, it became imperative that clean water be distributed. Through the park, the drinking water is drawn from the Schuylkill River.
Mt. Auburn Cemetery: Cambridge, MA (04:22)
The Mount Auburn Cemetery was not like the dismal, unsanitary burial grounds of the 19th century. Dr. Jacob Bigelow of Harvard and his friends wanted to create a dignified burial ground that also benefited the living. The cemetery established a new standard for cemeteries across the United States.
Central Park: New York, NY (06:28)
By the mid-19th century, New York City was the largest city in the western hemisphere. In an attempt to unite the diverse people in a public space, Central Park was designed by Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux. Birkenhead Park in England inspired Olmsted.
Chicago's Neighborhood Parks: Chicago, IL (04:59)
In Chicago, a system of parks provided places for English lessons, civics classes, and other resources for immigrants. J. Frank Foster wanted to address the problems of poverty in Chicago. He created a system of parks that allowed people to stay close to home and employed Olmsted's sons to design it.
San Antonio River Walk: San Antonio, TX (05:01)
The Great Flood of 1921 killed more than 50 people. Architect Robert Hugman designed the San Antonio River Walk, both to keep the waters at bay and to allow visitors to experience a radically different environment than the rest of the city.
Overtown Park: Memphis, TN (04:30)
As the interstate highway system took over the United States, parks were dismantled and disfigured to support the new infrastructure. Overtown Park in Memphis, Tennessee was saved by activists who felt that a six lane freeway would have segregated the park.
Freeway Park: Seattle, WA (05:41)
Paul Thiry encouraged the city council to create a park on top of a freeway that divided the residential and corporate areas of Seattle. Lawrence Halprin designed a park using lightweight soil only a foot deep in most locations; trees sit in large planters. Concrete water fountains drown out the roar from traffic below.
Gas Works Park: Seattle, WA (06:03)
Richard Haag re-purposed remnants of the former Seattle Gas Light Company gasification plant to design the park. Using bio-phytoremediation, the landscape architect created soil from the toxic sludge. The towers that existed on the site have been turned into picnic areas and playgrounds for children.
High Line: New York, NY (07:00)
The High Line is a public park built on a historic freight rail line elevated above the streets on Manhattan's West Side. Joshua David and Robert Hammond created "Friends of the High Line," a grassroots campaign. Ricardo Scofidio and Elizabeth Diller describe their contributions and process.
Credits: 10 Parks that Changed America (00:29)
Credits: 10 Parks that Changed America
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