Why This Debate Now? (04:18)
Moderator John Donvan introduces Robert Rosenkranz to explain the goal of discussing this powerful topic.
Debate "Housekeeping" (02:04)
Moderator John Donvan states the motion, explains the debate format, and instructs audience members to vote.
Meet the Panel (04:11)
Donvan introduces the debaters and gives a brief overview of his or her credentials. Donvan explains how the victory is determined from the audience votes.
Opening Statement For: Marq Claxton (07:08)
Former NYPD detective and current director of public relations and political affairs for the Black Law Enforcement Alliance, Claxton defines bias and reminds the audience that it is not synonymous with prejudice.
Opening Statement Against: Harry Stern (06:33)
Former police officer and current lawyer, Stern explains why his argument will be data driven. Black people commit more crime per capital that whites.
Opening Statement For: Gloria Browne-Marshall (06:30)
Associate professor of constitutional law at John Jay College (CUNY), a legal correspondent, and a civil-rights attorney, Browne-Marshall gives examples from law, history, and practice to explain why she supports the motion.
Opening Statement Against: Heather Mac Donald (06:05)
Thomas W. Smith Fellow at the Manhattan Institute and a contributing editor of City Journal, Mac Donald provides data on fatal police shootings.
Opening Statement Recap (01:44)
Donvan summarizes the statements by the panelists for and against the motion.
Where Crimes Occur (02:52)
Mac Donald argues against the methods used by the Justice Department to determine racial profiling. Browne-Marshall discusses the Floyd case.
"Racial Profiling is Crappy Police Work" (03:33)
Stern addresses the problem with using anecdotes. Claxton says police face more liability by engaging in bias.
How is Crime Defined? (02:56)
Mac Donald addresses the Floyd case and stop, search, and frisk. She cites crime statistics to argue that more blacks should be stopped. Browne-Marshall discusses subjectivity.
Violent Crime Reports (02:35)
Stern addresses the notion that crime is reported disproportionately.
Responsive and Data Driven (03:16)
Claxton revisits that idea that only certain crimes are used to determine criminality. Mac Donald argues that police do what the public asks of them.
Quantifying Data (02:55)
Browne-Marshall points out that youth are perceived differently depending on skin color.
Shot Spotter (03:44)
Mac Donald argues that data is not bias and reiterates that police go where crimes occur. Claxton says you will find crime where you look for it.
Police Response to Community Demands (02:08)
Stern says statistics cannot be explained away. Police pursue quality of life crimes In order to combat violence.
Mass Murder Example (04:36)
Browne-Marshall argues that white on white crime has not been studied. She is asked to address the assertion by Mac Donald that murder is disproportionately committed by blacks.
QA: Bias in Drug Arrests (03:52)
Donvan points out that black kids are arrested for drug use while white kids are offered help. Stern says violence is the determining factor. Browne-Marshall responds.
QA: Bias in System? (02:42)
Browne-Marshall argues that there are different policies for different people using drugs as an example. Mac Donald disagrees.
QA: What Data Would Disprove Bias? (01:38)
Browne-Marshall says proportionate arrests for crimes would show that bias does not exist.
QA: Should Every Citizen be Judged Equally? (02:49)
According to Mac Donald recent studies show bias in policing is in favor of blacks.
QA: Recent Studies on Bias (02:56)
Claxton and Browne-Marshall disagrees with Mac Donald's assertion that police show bias in favor of blacks.
QA: How Does School Policing Impact Racial Bias? (04:37)
Stern thinks having cops in schools is a bad idea. Browne-Marshall addresses the school to prison pipeline.
QA: Crime Statistics (04:10)
Claxton describes how bias policing contributes to the prison industrial complex. Blacks die from homicide at six times the rate of whites and Hispanics combined.
Closing Argument For: Marq Claxton (02:30)
Claxton encourages everyone to acknowledge their own biases. Statistics and data should be used for support and not illumination.
Closing Argument Against: Harry Stern (02:28)
Stern explains that statistics are important because they are not susceptible to emotional interpretation.
Closing Argument For: Gloria Browne-Marshall (02:18)
Browne-Marshall asserts that white people commit more crimes than blacks. She says history, law, and practice have proven that policing is racially bias.
Closing Argument Against: Heather Mac Donald (02:21)
Mac Donald cites violence crimes in Chicago to show that what people think they know about the black lives movement matter is false.
Time to Vote (03:49)
While the audience votes, Donvan gives a preview of the topics of upcoming events.
Results of Audience Vote (01:06)
Pre-debate - For: 57% - Against: 16% - Don't Know: 27%
Post-debate - For: 60% - Against: 28% - Don't Know: 12%
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