The Ancient to the Modern World (01:03)
Civilizations from 650 AD- to 1750 AD underwent dramatic changes in values, beliefs, and government. This program will the Byzantine Empire, the Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms, the Viking Age, The Mongol Empire, and the Ottoman Empire.
Roman Empire (01:25)
Constantinople or "New Rome" surpassed Rome as the largest city. In response to the Angles and Saxons regularly attacking the Roman Empire, the government divided the civilization in two. The Western civilization crumbled in 496 AD, but the Byzantium, or Eastern Territory, flourished.
Byzantium Empire (02:12)
Constantinople resides between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, making it one of the most influential trading ports in the world. Justinian I commissioned the Hagia Sophia and created the Corpus of Civil Law, based upon Greek teachings. In 1054, the Byzantines adopted Eastern Orthodox Christianity.
Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms (02:25)
Roman soldiers departed Britain in 410, making it vulnerable to the Angles, Saxons, and Jute tribes. The Witenagemot governed Northumbria, Mercia, East Anglia, Wessex, and Kent; it inspired Westminster parliament. Viking raiders conquered the Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms in 1066 and settled in Britain.
Viking Age (04:24)
Vikings hailed from Denmark, Sweden, and Norway. By 874, they conquered all the Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms except Wessex. King Alfred negotiated a treaty with the Vikings. Harold Godwinson defeated Harald Harada, king of Norway, but was killed by the Normans during the Battle of Hastings in 1066.
Mongol Empire (03:42)
After Byzantium lost Asia Minor, Genghis Khan conquered the Silk Road and re-opened the trade route. Marco Polo visited China in 1260 and met Kublai Khan. The Yuan dynasty ended when the Mongols were overthrown.
Ottoman Empire (02:44)
The Turks seized control of the Silk Road, Mongol Empire, and Byzantine Empire; they ruled for 600 years. After Osman I conquered Constantinople and renamed it Istanbul, he did not force conquered civilization to adopt the tenets of Islam. Mehmet II denied European traders access to the Silk Road, initiating the Age of Discovery.
Credits: The Ancient to the Modern World: Civilizations and Ideas (00:06)
Credits: The Ancient to the Modern World: Civilizations and Ideas
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