Career Gender Equality (03:06)
This episode will explore women business leaders who challenge male-dominated careers and countries. Christine Lagarde runs the International Monetary Fund (I.M.F.). She meets with Janet Yellen to discuss monetary policy and financial regulation.
Lagarde's Background (03:27)
Lagarde began her career as a lawyer, joined Baker & McKenzie, and rose to chairman. Because she divided her time between Chicago and Paris, she feels guilty that she missed some of her children's milestones. Lagarde's father passed away when she was 16 and her mother raised her and her siblings alone.
Joining I.M.F. (02:07)
The prime minister called Lagarde and requested she become trade secretary for France. After six years in government, she returned to the United States to succeed Dominique Strass-Kahn. Minouche Shafik describes how Lagarde relies on her inner strength when working in a male-dominated society.
Lagarde's Work on Gender Equality (02:26)
Lagarde hopes another woman will succeed her; if she fails, society will think she failed because she is a woman. The I.M.F. believes that if female employment matched men's, the GDP would grow by five percent domestically and 27% in India.
Transcending Barriers (02:38)
In Saudi Arabia, women require a male guardian's permission to travel or study certain subjects, must remain covered, and are not allowed to drive. Haifaa al-Mansour directed her first feature film. "Wadjda" is about a young girl who wants to ride a bicycle in public.
Sharia Laws dictate that women are unable to ride a bicycle in public. Al-Mansour needed to direct scenes via walkie-talkie because women were not allowed to work with men directly. The laws changed and women can now vote in local elections, occupy a position on the king's council, and ride bikes in public.
Moving to Hollywood (02:36)
Al-Mansour wants to raise her family in America; her next project is about Mary Shelley. Geena Davis explains that for every three male speaking roles, there is only one female role. Mona Eltahawy describes the impact of "Wadjda."
Women in India (02:35)
Women's rights began around the time of India's independence. Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw's father instructed her to be ambitious in her career. When she returned to India after graduating school, she attempted to break into the brewery business but encountered too much prejudice.
Joining Biocon (02:44)
Biocon hired Mazumdar-Shaw to create an Indian subsidiary; she found hiring men willing to work for a woman difficult. Patrick French describes how most successful women in India inherited the business. Biocon is India's largest manufacturer of insulin.
Global Issue (02:48)
Mazumdar-Shaw describes how women need to earn the respect of their male colleagues. Women earn on average 24% less than their male counterparts. Melinda Gates explains that women put 90% of their earnings back into their families and communities.
First Female Indigenous Lawyer in Brazil (03:36)
Joenia Wapixana grew up in poverty and had no access to school materials; she became the first member of her family to graduate college. She describes the prejudice she faced while attending law school. After taking the case for the tribes of Raposa Serra do Sol, landowners raped, shot, and executed the indigenous population.
Defending Her Tribe's Rights (03:56)
Wapixana argued and won the case before the Supreme Court of Brazil setting a precedent for the indigenous population and furthering gender equality. Leaders from the tribes discuss the impact of the decision and the lawyer's leadership. Wapixana discusses how women's rights have been improved since she started her practice.
Sports Improves Gender Equality (02:16)
Laleh Seddigh became the first female racing driver to compete against men. In Iran, the law dictates that women are not allowed in sports arenas. Seddigh describes trying to enter her first race and the prejudice she encountered.
Facing Resistance (02:57)
Religious authorities determine what a woman may do in public. Seddigh needed to obtain a fatwa from the clerics to race; sh e won the first race she attended. She experienced sabotage and silent crowds but gradually won the community over.
Next Generation of Drivers (03:24)
Colleagues and experts describe Seddigh's impact on society. Women now outnumber men in college in Iran. Seddigh represented Iran in the rally.
Inspiring Social and Political Change (01:51)
Women leaders like Seddigh, Wapixana, Lagarde, and Mazumdar-Shaw empower women. Minouche Shafik describes how women need to continue to fight for gender equality. Melinda Gates believes that women will soon be able to re-balance human rights.
Credits: Her Story: The Female Revolution—Women and Work (00:33)
Credits: Her Story: The Female Revolution—Women and Work
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