Lesson 1: History (02:55)
The cranium is made to move, but in the past it was considered immovable. Skull sutures are capable of moving and breathing.
Lesson 2: Anatomy (03:25)
The cranium consists of fourteen bones and protects the brain. The mandible is important, but not part of the cranial structure.
Cranial Lining (02:08)
Dura mater is a tough membrane that encases the cranium surrounding the brain and spinal column. Dr. Sutherland termed the phrase the reciprocal tension membrane.
Pressurestat Model (02:04)
The meninges are free to move in relationship to each other. Four ventricles connect to each other and the subarachnoid space. Dr. John Upledger hypothesized that cranial motion exists, but not all doctors agree with the hypotheses.
Sphenoid Motion (02:15)
Flexion occurs when the top of the sphenoid moves anterior and the bottom of the sphenoid moves superior. During flexion the whole cranium becomes wider.
Lesson 3: Technique (03:10)
Direct technique urges the bone in an anterior direction, engaging the barrier and stretching it until it softens. When applying the indirect technique, follow the bone in the direction of least resistance.
Unwinding Fascial Tensions (04:49)
Unwinding is a change in the fascial tensions that induces spontaneous movement in the client's body. During an unwinding treatment, many clients end up in the same position they experienced during the initial trauma.
Exercise 1: Body Rhythms (02:40)
Too much force interferes with cranial rhythm. Allow your breathing patterns to match the client's. Tune into the blood pulse.
Lesson 4: Sacrum (01:36)
The sacrum is located at the base of the spine. It articulates with the fifth lumbar vertebrae and the ileum on each side.
Sacrum Techniques: Sacral Release (03:55)
It takes time to sense the subtle motion in the sacrum. The more focused your attention is, the more clear the motion will be. Let the hand melt and become one with the sacrum.
Sacrum Techniques: Modified Sacral Release (01:02)
Have the client lift their pelvis, then slide your hand under the sacrum. All parts interact with each other. As you free up one part, you may see more clearly where the problem area is.
Sacrum Techniques: Cradle (00:58)
This technique is used to monitor the sacrum's motility at a deep level. The finger contact should be light, sensitive, and delicate.
Sacrum Techniques: Sacro-iliac Decompression (01:22)
Start the technique by sliding your right hand under the sacrum. The sensitivity will be greater if contact is light and focused. Extend your awareness into the ilium.
Sacrum Techniques: Core Link (02:37)
The dural tube has attachment points at S2 and the foramen magnum. Sit and monitor the rhythms of the sacrum and occiput.
Lesson 5: Occipital (01:55)
The occiput makes up the posterior base of the cranium. It articulates with the parietal superiorly at the lambdoidal suture.
Occipital Technique: Cranial Base Release (01:50)
The purpose of this technique is to release the soft tissue attachments to the cranial base and free the movement of the axis in relationship to the occipital condyles. Cradle the client's head in your hands.
Occipital Technique: 4th Ventricle (CV4) (02:24)
This technique enhances cranial rhythm function and improves lymphatic flow throughout the body. This procedure is a direct connection to the falx cerebri.
Occipital Technique: Still Point Induction (02:26)
While performing this technique, you will feel the occiput wiggle or shimmy. The occiput will then relax into a still point.
Lesson 6: Sphenoid (01:19)
The sphenoid is the keystone to the skull and provides the rhythm for the other cranial bones. The falx and the tentorium attach to the sphenoid.
Sphenoid Technique: Basic Release (00:54)
Place your thumbs over the wings of the sphenoid bone— flex and extend. This motion compresses the sphenoid towards the occiput.
Sphenoid Technique: Motion Testing (00:42)
If there is an obvious sense of ease in one direction and binding in another, you discovered a lesion. To correct this, guide the bone into the direction of ease.
Sphenoid Technique: Coronal Shear (03:03)
Use this technique if the sphenoid appears to be stuck or severely compressed. This grip frees the coronal suture and facilitates motility, the sphenoid, and occiput.
Sphenoid Technique: Sutherland's Grip (01:45)
The intention of this procedure is to decompress the visceral cranium from the neuro cranium. It can alleviate discomfort in the head.
Lesson 7: Temporal (01:42)
The temporal bones are located on the side of the cranium and are connected to the sphenoid, parietals, occiput, zygomas, and the frontal at the terrion. There is an attachment to the tentorium cerebelli.
Temporal Techniques: Ear Pull-decompression (01:25)
For this procedure, contact each ear with three fingers. Place the thumb inside the ear and place your index and middle fingers outside the ear.
Temporal Techniques: Palming-compression (02:07)
Place your palms over the ears; your thumbs should cover the sphenoid area and the zygoma. Put your little finger in contact with the occiput.
Lesson 8: Parietals (00:38)
The parietal bones make up the top of the cranium. The falx cerebri connects to the underside of the sagittal suture.
Parietal Technique: Hold and Lift (01:37)
The purpose of this technique is to free the sagittal and squamous sutures and release any tension in the falx. Step one is to place your thumbs lightly on the crown.
Lesson 9: Frontal (01:28)
The frontal bone forms the most anterior portion of the neurocranium, this separates it from the bones of the face. The most superior portion is at the junction of the coronal and sagittal sutures.
Frontal Techniques: Frontal Decompression (01:17)
The intention of this practice is to free any restrictions between the coronal sutures. This procedure will also balance any abnormal tensions in the falx cerebri.
Frontal Techniques: Balance the Glabella & Bregma (01:19)
Cradle the client's head in your hands, making sure there is a secure contact point at the occiput. During this procedure, you will sense the membrane activity of the falx cerebrum.
Frontal Techniques: Frontal & Viscero-cranium (00:30)
Balance the frontal with the viscerocranium by placing your palms on the frontal bone and allow your fingers to lay over the mandible in zygoma. Feel the communication between the three.
Lesson 10: Zygoma (00:36)
The zygoma is located at the corner of the face. There are no direct connections to the reciprocal tension membrane. They act as shock absorbers.
Zygoma Technique: Palpation (01:01)
To restore a balanced cranial rhythm to the zygoma, start by placing your fingertips and thumbs over the zygoma. Quiet down and open up to the subtle motion.
Lesson 11: Maxilla (00:57)
The maxilla is part of the visceral cranium and forms parts of the mouth and nostrils. The maxillary sinuses are the largest in the head.
Maxilla: Interoral Technique (01:43)
The intention of this technique is to free the median palatine suture. This has potential to get relief for eye socket headaches and migraines.
Lesson 12: Mandible (01:13)
The mandible is the most actively movable bone in the cranium. The temporal mandibular joints are in front of the ears, these are easily felt when the jaw is open.
Mandible Technique: Palming (00:47)
Palming releases the mandible. To perform this procedure, place your hands gently over the jaw, while making sure to have steady contact along the bone.
Mandible Technique: Interoral-2 Hands (00:49)
For this technique put on gloves, and gently place your thumbs over the bottom teeth as you contact the mandible externally on both sides. Hold and sense the motion of the teeth.
Mandible Technique: Interoral-1 Hand (00:52)
Place your thumb on the surface of the bottom teeth while holding the mandible bottom with your fingers. Rest your elbow on the table.
Lesson 13: Deeper Rhythms (03:54)
As skills develop in cranial therapy, your abilities should become more attuned to the sensations perceived under your hands.
Credit: Cranial-Sacral Therapy (00:08)
Credit: Cranial-Sacral Therapy
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