Global Poverty Challenge (02:29)
Professor Hans Rosling disagrees with the view that destitution is inevitable. In September 2015, the U.N. voted to eradicate extreme poverty worldwide by 2030.
World Poverty Quiz (02:22)
Rosling asks viewers to guess global percentages of people with electricity at home; children vaccinated against measles; and girls attending primary school.
Defining Poverty (03:55)
Rosling presents an income spectrum, with the poorest earning $1 daily and richest earning at least $100 daily. He explains how the relative poverty line is calculated for Sweden and compares it to extreme poverty in Malawi.
Living in Extreme Poverty (02:34)
Dunster and Janet live in a village in Malawi with their 11 children. The family depends on a corn crop for food. During the hunger season they eat once a day; the children often get sick and have trouble focusing in school.
Struggling in Malawi (03:48)
Dunster and Janet's children attend free primary school. Dunster crafts tin items and Janet sells donuts to save money for the hunger season, but their community is too poor to expand their businesses. Dunster builds a brick home to replace their mud hut.
Global Poverty Income Housing (04:01)
Rosling compares his Swedish home to Janet and Dunster's home in Malawi. Subsistence farmers around the world have homes built with non-durable material, and sleep on the floor with their entire families. Toothbrushes are a luxury.
Extreme Poverty Trends (04:26)
Rosling builds a graph showing the percentage of extreme poverty in the world since 1800. By 1970, it had lowered from 85% to 50%; the 2015 estimate is 12%.
Growing Middle Class (04:19)
The percentage of people in poverty has decreased, but absolute numbers increased as the global population expanded. However, since 1970, people in poverty have halved from two to one billion. Rosling shows how incomes have shifted since the Industrial Revolution.
From Extreme Poverty to Poverty (05:19)
Cambodian farmers Butch Tee and Otes Mao have food year round, electricity, and income to invest in a bicycle and a water pump. However, Mao needs a cesarean birth. Unexpected medical costs can cause financial shock and shift families back to extreme poverty.
Global Middle Income Housing (02:23)
View examples of homes built with durable materials and featuring electricity and water. Worldwide, more families are achieving fuller lifestyles.
World Poverty Quiz Results (02:12)
Rosling reveals that 80% of people have electricity; 83% of children are vaccinated against measles; and 90% of girls attend primary school. He sees this as a success story in human history.
Global Development Graph (03:46)
Rosling compares GDP per capita to child mortality in countries from 1800 to 2015. Child mortality measures education, health services, living conditions, and democracy.
Cambodia's Healthcare Improvements (04:49)
Mao has gone into labor; she and Tee take a taxi to a regional hospital. The medical team delivers both twins naturally, without a cesarean— saving the family from extreme poverty. A government "poor card" scheme pays hospital expenses for poor Cambodians.
Chicken vs. Egg in Development (02:23)
Rosling compares child mortality and GDP per capita trends for the U.K., China, and South Korea. In general, investing in education and human progress provides a shortcut to advancing economies.
Malawi Development Challenges (03:58)
Dunster and his children harvest their meager corn crop; they will have no food from February until June. The area has water but Dunster lacks funding for a basic irrigation system. He dreams of furniture and a satellite dish for his home.
International Aid (02:11)
Neither governments nor commercial investors can help rural development projects. Rosling argues for stopping aid to middle income countries like China and Mexico, and better focusing aid to the poorest countries.
Investing in Humanity (03:42)
Ending extreme poverty will transform the lives of one billion people, help stop long-running conflicts, and create new markets. Rosling demonstrates how it also slows population growth.
Credits: Don't Panic: How to End Poverty in 15 Years (00:32)
Credits: Don't Panic: How to End Poverty in 15 Years
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