History of Massage Therapy in the United States (01:02)
Massage therapy advances, but does not redefine itself. Hear the definition of massage therapy. Massage therapy allows a person to become connected to his or her body.
Foundations of Massage Therapy (04:52)
The roots of massage therapy date back to ancient Asian cultures; it arrived in the U.S. in 1856. Massage therapy is delivered under the banner of comprehensive, holistic, or total care. Other cultural influences that impacted the growth and development of massage therapy include: India, Greek, and Roman.
Development of Massage Therapy (02:11)
During the Renaissance, a renewed interest in the body occurred and people utilized massage therapy. Giovanni Alfonso Borelli analyzed muscle contraction. Islamic, Native American, and Hispanic cultures impacted the evolution and expansion of massage therapy.
Evolution of Massage Therapy in the U.S. (04:17)
Pehr Henrik Ling developed the Swedish gymnastics movement and forms of Swedish massage. Throughout history, massage therapy and medicine have been closely linked. Johann Mezger classified massage therapy techniques into French, helping the field evolve.
Massage Therapy Pioneers (03:42)
Mathais Roth translated Ling's work and published the first English text on Swedish movement cure. George Henry Taylor and Charles Fayette Taylor helped massage therapy gain recognition in the medical field. Other pioneers include: Andrew Taylor Still, Daniel David Palmer, John Harvey Kellogg,
Influencing the History of Massage Therapy (02:52)
Massage therapy was a popular way to help rehabilitate soldiers; it was closely linked to physical therapy. Massage therapy lost legitimacy with the advent of new technologies and pharmaceuticals; it became a front for prostitution in the 1950s.
Societies, Organizations, and Schools (03:27)
The American Association of Masseuses and Masseurs, later known as the American Massage and Therapy Association, contributed to the growth and development of massage therapy; the ABMP is the largest organization today. Creating a certification process and the development of massage therapy schools helped the field evolve and expand.
Esalen Institute (02:13)
The institute united cultural aspects and was a standard bearer for mind-body connection using touch.
Massage Therapy Innovation (02:59)
Ida Rolf saw a relationship between biomechanics and the fascial system. Janet Travell identified pain patterns in the body. Other pioneers include: Moshe Feldenkrais, Bonnie Pruden, and John Upledger. Sports helped develop the science of massage therapy in the U.S.
Applications of Massage Therapy (02:41)
Massage promotes healing; touch is a fundamental element for humans. Ben Vaughn believes touch deprivation is rising as technology grows. Experts consider challenges to massage therapy.
Massage Therapy in the 21st Century (01:08)
Massage therapy is adaptable and will likely continuously evolve.
Credits: History of Massage Therapy (01:53)
Credits: History of Massage Therapy
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