Introduction: The History of American Academic Education (04:37)
Experts discuss the goals of education. Plato founded Akadaemia after his mentor Socrates drank hemlock. This program will cover six education periods in America: colonial, early national, normal school, progressive, modern and re-assessment.
Colonial Period (1600-1176) (03:55)
This period established the roots of Modern American Education. New England puritans created schools and primers for their children. The legislative acts of 1642 and 1647 dictated that all towns with more than 50 families should hire a schoolmaster and all male children must attend school.
Early National Period (1776-1840) (03:23)
Benjamin Franklin created the first public library, "Poor Richards Almanac," and the first high school— Noah Webster wrote the "Blue Back Speller" and the "American Dictionary." Ordinances of 1785 and 1787 physically separated the church from the school and provided funds to pay for education. Joseph Lancaster created Monitorial Schools, which employed more adept pupils to help teach their less knowledgeable classmates.
Common School Period (1840-1880) (04:01)
Horace Mann created Normal Schools to train teachers— Mary Lyons created the first female seminary. Turner and Smith collaborated with William Holmes McGuffey to create readers. The National Teachers Association formed in 1857.
Progressive Period (1880-1920) (05:27)
This period attempted to eradicate some of the problems caused by the Industrial Revolution. Schools were erected that helped inner city poor, Catholic immigrants, and African Americans. Standardized testing was implemented.
Modern Period (1920-1970) (07:28)
This period lasted from the end of World War I to after the Civil Rights Movement. In 1925, John Scopes was arrested after teaching evolution. Linda Carole Brown's father partnered with the NAACP to sue the Board of Education resulting in desegregation and busing.
Re-Assessment Period (1970-Present) (06:36)
This period addresses vulnerabilities, standardizes education across school districts, and attempts to make schools accountable. The federal government created policies to encourage higher standards for school districts and penalize schools who do not attain test score thresholds.
Credits: The History of American Education (01:02)
Credits: The History of American Education
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