American Criminal Justice System (04:27)
A criminal is someone who breaks the law; laws are part of every civilization. Criminals pass through the three branches of the justice system— police, courts, corrections. Hear incarceration statistics from 2008 and 2009.
What Makes a Criminal? (01:50)
Social scientists attempted to identify characteristics that indicate the likelihood of an individual to engage in criminal behavior from several psychological perspectives.
Adolescent Delinquency (03:07)
Young people engage in risky behavior as part of the developmental process. Developmental psychologists attribute criminal behavior to mental and emotional growth through adolescence.
Criminality, a Societal Consequence or Rational Choice? (03:34)
Freud described criminals as atavistic and lacking self-control while Albert Bandura believed behavior is a consequence of modeling. Edwin Sutherland developed the theory of differential association while other psychologists believe self-discipline and the will to succeed are determinants of criminality.
Goal of Corrections (02:15)
Advocates of behavior modification assume criminality is a result of learning and can be un-learned. Colonial cultures used penitentiaries and corporal punishment. The U.S. prison population is over 8 million; corrections has four functions.
Consequences of Incarceration (04:14)
In the U.S., corrections is the fifth largest category in the state budget. Hear statistics on recidivism. In 2009, senators argued for criminal justice reform.
Criminal Justice Reform (07:12)
Several reports indicate that reform must occur in courts and corrections in 11 specific areas.
Reducing Recidivism (01:37)
Correctional program reviews reveal the success of cognitive-based, community-based, diversion, and meditation programs.
Credits: Psychology, Criminality, and Incarceration in America (01:17)
Credits: Psychology, Criminality, and Incarceration in America
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