What is Consciousness? (02:52)
Ted Honderich asks what it means to be conscious and perceiving. Cognitive consciousness and effective consciousness are briefly explained.
Mind-Body Question (03:15)
Philosophers like Noam Chomsky and Colin McGinn attest that consciousness is so far from human understanding that we cannot answer questions about it. Intentionality understands consciousness as being about something, but Honderich refutes such an idea.
Leading Ideas of Consciousness (03:12)
English philosopher Timothy Sprigge came up with the idea of the identification of the subject matter, an idea well known in the concept of consciousness. Philosopher John Searle relates consciousness to inanimate objects. Being conscious becomes impossible to define in this framework, creating a circular definition.
Theories of Consciousness (02:32)
For something to be conscious, something must be transparent to you. Perceptual consciousness maintains a consciousness in thought. Dualism and physicalism are the most prevalent ideas.
Recommendation of Dualism (03:59)
Dualism makes consciousness non-physical, which fundamentally changes consciousness. Other views reduce consciousness to just brain activity.
What is Actual? (02:43)
Dualism asserts that consciousness is not physical while physicalism maintains that consciousness is characterized by being physical. Physicality is divided into the objective physical world as well as into subsections.
Pedestrian Inquiry (03:23)
The objective physical world, the subjective physical world, and subjective physical representations are able to be understood in their own right. The objective physical world is made up of 16 characteristics and does not include a self.
Subjective Physical World (03:32)
Perceptual consciousness asks what is actual in consciousness and what it is to be actual, distinguished by being subject to what is perceived. Subjective physical worlds have counterparts similar to the breakdown of the objective physical world.
Conscious in Perception (03:18)
To be conscious is to perceive a subjective physical world which is lawfully dependent by science on the objective physical world. Objects exist with a dependency on the conscious mind perceiving them in this model.
Metaphor of Actuality (03:45)
From the objective physical world to cognitive consciousness, characteristics remain rooted in science. Representations are what is actual as they are subjectively physical in affective consciousness.
The Having of Something (02:11)
In consciousness, something is had, but this is a metaphorical description. In the history of science and intelligence, progress from metaphorical to literal is important but this does not happen often in philosophy.
Credits: Actual Consciousness: the Limits of Human Consciousness and Thought (00:08)
Credits: Actual Consciousness: the Limits of Human Consciousness and Thought
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