Risks of Frankenstein Food (03:15)
Though scientists cannot promise genetically modified foods are safe to eat, they are regarded as a benign form of modern technology. Organizations oppose the foods, fearing contamination, environmental damage, and links to diseases like cancer.
Human Benefits of GMOs (02:21)
In Bangladesh, genetically modified eggplant is aiming to reduce pesticide use and heighten yield. Hafizur does not have to spray pesticides on the BT brinjal to stop caterpillars. Farmers suffer from the effects of pesticides so genetically modified crops are favored by those who grow them.
Successful Trials, but Lacking Evidence (03:07)
Mark Lynas is an author and campaigner who regrets assisting in the anti-GM movement; he felt GMOs were helping corporations, but now realizes they can help on a small scale level, like with the farmers in Bangladesh. Organic farmer and anti-GM campaigner Farida Akhter says GNC is making plants toxic to bugs and people.
Scientists Vs. Activists (02:14)
Jones is a scientist developing GM crops who thinks that anti-GMO protesters are misguided in their demonizing of the benign technology. The majority of scientists agree that the crops do not pose any more risk to the environment or the health of the general population than traditional agriculture does. Activists like Helen Browning, chief executive of the Soil Association, think the technology is being misused and do not want genetic modification in the UK countryside.
Risks of Outcrossing (03:02)
Twenty years ago, the agricultural corporation Monsanto developed a chemical based farming model that earned large profits and a large opposition. Greenpeace International campaigns against genetically modified organisms and continues to reinforce fear of genetically modified organisms. Dr. Doug Parr, chief scientist at Greenpeace, says that the genetically modified crops can contaminate other crops and that the GM foods cannot be proven to be safe.
Ideology Before Humanitarian Action (04:12)
Though cross-pollination is a concern of Greenpeace, trials in India show that the likelihood is low, prompting scientists to maintain that contamination is not a serious threat. Former Greenpeace executive director, Stephen Tindale, used to be anti- GMO, but now believes that GM should be judged a case by case basis. Action Aid apologized and recanted an advertisement linking GMOS to cancer and infertility after a study was discredited by the European Food Safety Authority.
Adding Genes to Potatoes (02:39)
Jones and a UK team of scientists are developing a genetically modified potato to fight late blight, a common fungus that affects potato plants. Former chair of the House of Commons Science and Technology Committee Andrew Miller thinks developing genetic modified foods is necessary for feeding the growing population and that it is a safe technology.
Exploitation or Pioneering (02:31)
The Soil Association maintains that the government and companies are using propaganda to attempt to get the public to endorse the creation of herbicide resistance crops. Bangladesh Agriculture Minister Matia Chowdhury does not think that the genetically modified crops are dangerous, but that they are necessary for feeding the people.
Debating Choices (02:23)
Though the UK government is pro-GM, the rest of the European Union is not. Jones' genetically modified potato went abroad to America. Professor Anne Glover thinks that ideological dislike of the technology is causing people to make up lies as to why genetically modified foods are unsafe.
Predicted GMO Sales in Britain (02:39)
Successful shopkeeper Justin King thinks that most people have not made their minds up about genetically modified foods and that a clear health benefit and cheaper food products would sway consumers in favor of GMOs. Glover thinks GM could offer sustainable agriculture to countries that are going hungry and that Britain's luxurious views on GM could negatively affect hungry populations.
Credits: GM Food—Cultivating Fear (00:36)
Credits: GM Food—Cultivating Fear
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