Toxic Waste Dumping (04:11)
From 1961 to 1971, Ford Motor Company's plant in Mahwah, New Jersey dumped toxic waste on the site of a Native American community. As a result, the people living in the area are now very sick.
Mann v. Ford (02:26)
Lead plaintiff for the Mann v. Wade case, Wayne Mann, comes from a long lineage of family members who have resided in the same place in New Jersey. Attorney Vicki Gilliam honors his character.
Automotive Paint Sludge (04:07)
The Mahwah plant was the largest Ford plant in North America and on its opening day, Henry Ford II promised it would contribute to the living standard of all Americans. Barbara Williams from “The Record” newspaper says his contribution was toxic waste.
Cancer Row (03:47)
The people living on the land where Ford dumped its toxic waste suffer from cancer at an alarming rate. The life expectancy of people in the area is significantly lowered as a result of the dangerous waste.
Toxic Dumping (02:40)
Ford Motor Company purchased 900 acres around Ringwood and became landlords for the people who resided there. They dumped the 6000 gallons of paint sludge that were produced daily in mines, forests, and streams despite knowing it was dangerous.
Forced Responsibility (02:06)
Gilliam theorizes that if Ford Motor Company was an individual, that person would be sent to jail for crimes committed against humanity and nature. Because the regulatory agencies responsible for controlling Ford failed, she feels that the only logical next step is the courts.
Negligent Toxic Lawsuit (03:40)
In 2006, a lawsuit was filed against Ford Motor Company for negligent toxic poisoning. Former employees of Ford an O'Connor Waste Removal are interviewed, relaying information about the dumping and the rashes caused by coming in contact with the waste.
Toxic Childhood (03:23)
Mann remembers playing with paint sludge as a child and being covered with scabs and sores caused by the toxic waste. Mann had physical and social problems growing up related to the toxic waste dumping.
Racism Against the Ramapo (02:57)
The Ramapough Mountain people have been discriminated against throughout history on the basis of their race and dark coloring. Gilliam reports that people call in making racist comments and teaching that Ringwood people are barbarous.
Ford's Crimes (02:39)
It is speculated that Ford donated land with hazardous waste to a nonprofit organization to reduce the risk of inquiry and acquire a tax deduction. Homes were built on the land for needy people.
Partial Cleanup (01:44)
In the 1980's, Ringwood became listed as one of the most toxic sites in the nation. Because of the pollution, animals like the grouse and partridge no longer exist in the area.
Records of Toxic Abuse (03:37)
Community leader Vivian Milligan collected documentation of the events at Ringwood, compiling photographs and videos of the events. A ten year old living in the area died of a cancerous tumor.
Pressure for Protection (03:36)
The Environmental Protection Agency relisted Ringwood as a Superfund site in September 2006. The EPA admits that a better search should have been performed initially.
Incomplete Remediation (03:09)
Bob Spiegel and Gilliam agree that the decision not to clean up upper Ringwood was a fault of Ford. Attorney Kevin Madonna shows the map of the remediation plan that was never completed. Toxic waste still surfaces from the ground.
Heavy Metal Poisoning (02:20)
The Ringwood community members are grappling with the EPA and Ford Motor Company in order to receive justice for the community. EPA Project Manager Joe Gowers argues with the Ringwood community members about the level of responsibility.
Criminal Cleanups (03:39)
Mann explains the situation and cancerous results of the situation at Ringwood to New Jersey governor Jon Corzine and New Jersey Commissioner of Environmental Protection Lisa Jackson. Mann describes the need for a criminal investigation.
Life Threatening Through Generations (02:01)
Resident of Ringwood Roger DeGroat describes the longevity of the paint, existing from his childhood to his grandchildren's childhoods. His son suffers from life-threatening kidney stones.
Health Effects of Toxic Waste (04:03)
A doctor speaks with residents who grew up in Ringwood; they have diabetes and learn that arsenic, present in the land, causes diabetes. Gilliam talks about the fires in the landmine that were exacerbated by the chemicals dumped in the land.
Gross Negligence Prediction (02:40)
Mann details the worries he has about dying of an unnatural cause related to the pollution epidemic. Gilliam refutes the idea of corporations as people. She expects gross negligence to be found in the Mann v. Ford case.
Poisoned Peoples (03:39)
The attorneys discuss the atrocities committed by Ford Motor Company at Ringwood. Williams describes what it was like to inform the people of Ringwood that they were chemically poisoned. Teams go into homes in the area searching for unnatural levels of toxins.
Injuries and Afflictions (04:01)
A homeowner in the Ringwood area shows photos of his children. His son was afflicted with a skin disease and underwent many operations. It was a result of growing up in the toxic waste environment.
Gilliam's Education (02:34)
Gilliam tells about the environmental pollution of the farm she grew up on and her childhood. She was married young and thought her education could not go any farther because she had had a child.
Public Defense (03:13)
Despite having a child young, Gilliam managed to become a public defender and represent people that other people looked down upon. Mann maintains that in order for America to be fair, the rich white population needs to pay for their crimes.
Legal Team Talks (04:20)
Ford and Williams discuss the insanity of the EPA not requiring Ford to test for dangerous dioxins and PCBs. They theorize that there was a conspiracy between the companies.
EPA's Second Declaration (03:00)
Gilliam is working to get a court date set for the case. In April of 2008, the EPA told the Ringwood community that Ford had cleaned up the area. The community continues to find paint sludge that is flowing into drinking water.
Ringwood Neighborhood Action Association (02:27)
Mann refuses to give up on the testing as people continue to die from the effects of the toxins. A protest is held by the community. Lisa Jackson is sworn into office by President Obama.
EPA'S Changing Administration (02:16)
Mann visits the Lincoln statue in Washington D.C. with Mulligan. At a court hearing in D.C., Senator Barbara Boxer speaks about EPA's failure. Jackson promises to help the community members of Ringwood.
Lisa Jackson's Test (03:11)
Jackson introduces the community members of Ramapough Mountain to the court. Spiegel doubts Jackson's power and ability to work free of the orders given to her.
Ford's Claims (02:04)
Gilliam discusses meeting with Ford. Ford plans on claiming that the Ramapough Mountain people are not sick and that if they are, it is no fault of Ford's.
Judge's Plan (03:08)
The hearing takes place in September 2008. The judge details the plan for the lawsuit. The lawsuit would draw out until April 2010 under his plan.
Can They Prove Causation? (04:32)
The legal team talks about the complicated legal management process the judge created, describing it as nearly impossible to comply with. Gilliam explains the financial risk for the defendants.
Ford Gets Away (03:50)
In September 2009, Ford Motor Company and Ramapough settle outside of court. Over 600 residents split about $12 million. Confidentiality agreements were required.
Credits: Mann V. Ford (05:31)
Credits: Mann V. Ford
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