Watershed Drilling (03:17)
Josh Fox lives in rural Pennsylvania near the Delaware River. Five years ago, there was a proposal to turn the watershed area he lives in into a site of natural gas drilling.
Oiled Ocean (02:37)
On July 4, 2010, Fox got clearance to fly close to the surface of the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. The ocean is streaked with oil.
Toxic Choices (02:08)
BP sprayed chemical dispersants onto the oil in the ocean, further adding to the toxicity of the water. Chemist Wilma Subra says this will affect the surrounding communities for generations to come.
Bayou People (02:07)
Kindra Arnesen lives on the bayou in the Gulf of Mexico with her family. She describes the sacredness of the bayou and how the pollution will change that.
Hydraulic Extraction (04:00)
In 2008, Fox's family was notified that their home is on the Marcellus Shale, a site rich in natural gas. Harvesting natural gas is done by "fracking," or hydraulic extraction.
Contaminated Water (02:35)
Cabot Oil and Gas Corporation denied accusations that the contaminated well water with natural gas extraction methods. Water in Dimock, Pennsylvania was flammable because of gas content.
Demands for Water Supply (02:35)
Water contamination protests in Pennsylvania go largely ignored as violations by oil drilling companies rise. Lance Simmons, liaison to government of Intergovernmental Affairs demanded free water, to which the governor agreed.
Evidence of Pollution (01:29)
Scientific evidence proving that Cabot Oil and Gas Corporation contaminated the water in Dimock with methane came to illumination. A waterline was to be built to connect the water supply to a clean source.
Delaware Basin (02:39)
Fox finds the Delaware River Basin that supplies water to 15 million people is in danger of being drilled for gas. Fox explains the government jurisdiction that controls that area. The federal Environmental Protection Agency has started a two year study on the effects of fracking.
Underground River (03:58)
In Pavilion, Wyoming, EPA launched a groundwater study, testing for chemicals in water. The gas companies are exempt from the Safe Drinking Water Act.
Lipsky home (04:00)
Steve Lipksy, a self-made millionaire in Parker County, Texas gives Fox a tour of his dream home which is atop a well. His water is so gas-infiltrated that it is flammable.
Dangerous Contaminants (02:03)
EPA administrator Al Armendariz pledges on the news to do whatever it takes to prevent the continued migration of gas into drinking water. Lipsky and his family are forced to move out of their home.
Dish, Texas (02:32)
Calvin Tillman, mayor of Dish, Texas shows the mapping of chemicals present in Dish. Benzene, sulfur, and many other chemicals are found. His wife tells about the nosebleeds her children were getting from being in the environment.
Every Way the Wind Blows (04:18)
Bob and Lisa Parr and their daughter experienced rashes, nosebleeds, stumbling, and stuttering as a result of the toxins, which also killed their chicken. They are forced to leave their home because the toxins are making them so sick and entering their blood and organs.
PowerPoints for the War Effort (03:30)
After Armendariz, Tillman, and Lisa Parr spoke out, the gas industry lashed back. They filed a lawsuit against Parr to keep her quiet. Matt Pitzarella of gas company Range Resources was recorded plotting against the people in Pennsylvania.
The Strange Blue Hand of the Homeland (03:44)
Former governor of Pennsylvania, Tom Ridge, and former head of Homeland Security became the spokesperson for the Shale Coalition that fights EPA regulations for gas purposes. Anti-fracking groups are then listed as "possible eco-terrorists."
Politics is Thicker Than Water (05:53)
Martin Niverth, Conservation Commissioner in Greene County, Pennsylvania and City Councilman of Pittsburgh, Doug Shields, discuss the contaminated water and civil rights violations. Cabot Oil and Gas Corporation contributed to the political election and created YouTube videos pretending the water is safe.
According to Pickens (03:12)
Jon Stewart speaks with T. Boone Pickens, founder of BP Capital, who says he does not know of a single well contaminated. Fox photographs the new wells.
Fresh Enough Water (03:15)
Jeremiah Gee of Tioga County, Pennsylvania, has found methane in his water. They are forced to feed their chickens and dogs expensive bottled water. Their water is flammable.
The Truth Leaks Out (03:46)
Lobbyist for natural gas industry and former governor of Pennsylvania, Tom Ridge, speaks to Stephen Colbert, claiming the methane has been there long before the fracking. Tony Ingraffa, engineering professor at Cornell University, does a demonstration of the gas migrating into water supplies.
Problem That Can't Be Solved (04:29)
America's Natural Gas Alliance hired a public relations company, Hill + Knowlton Strategies. Naomi Oreskes, co-author of Merchants of Doubt, compares the ads produced by Hill+Knowlton to the pro-cigarette propaganda that supported the idea as cigarettes as safe after evidence that they cause cancer was publicized.
What's At Stake? (03:51)
Fox interviewed farmers and ranchers in Australia who have flammable water due to gas drilling. Co-founder of the Green Party in Australia, Drew Hutton, feels that the Democratic Government will be compromised as a result of the drilling.
Anti-Fracking Movement (02:34)
In addition the United States and Australia, people in the UK, Bulgaria, Romania, France, and Canada are protesting natural gas drilling, as well. In South Africa, land was leased to Shell for drilling. In the center of Los Angeles, California, there is a large oil fill, where fracking rigs lie.
A Thousand Quakes (02:03)
In Guy, Arkansas, earthquakes are happening almost daily, which geologists attribute to fracking. War veterans in Arkansas are reporting post-traumatic stress episodes as a result of the quakes.
Quakes in Bel Air? (03:57)
The disposal of water from fracking is pushed deep into rocks, which is believed to trigger the earthquakes that are happening at an unprecedented rate. The Federal Emergency Management Agency calculates gargantuan expenses if earthquakes happen near the Los Angeles drilling site, as some of the wealthiest neighborhoods in California are not far away.
Fugitive Emissions (03:06)
While waiting for Governor Cuomo's policy on hydro-fracking to surface, Hurricane Irene struck the United States, hitting Pennsylvania and pulverizing upstate New York. Bob Howarth, Cornell University's professor of ecology and environmental biology, says that the hypothesis stating the shale gas is preferable to other fossil fuels is false and not a solution to climate change.
Midnight Run and Man With A Plan (03:21)
FLIR cameras show infrared heat and are therefore able to pick up methane in the atmosphere. Mark Jacobson did a study and learned that there is enough wind and solar power to create all the energy needed for the Earth.
Calling on Congressmen (03:34)
Congressman Rush Holt of New Jersey states that America does not currently have a viable energy policy. Congressman Dennis Kucinich of Ohio reminds Fox that the corporations have extreme influence in Washington.
Crude Oil and Natural Gas Analysis (02:09)
Financial analyst Deborah Rogers notes that Asia is paying $16 per gallon of gas, making Asian countries very attractive consumers for gas exportation. She says that American gas prices will rise considerably if gas is exported because the market dictates that domestic prices will rise.
Forcing People Into Silence and Leaving Dish (02:19)
Fox relates the statistics in Pennsylvania. Gee and Parr both moved their families away from the toxic wells their homes were near.
Pass the Gavel, Pass the Remote (03:17)
Mayor Calvin Tillman and wife Tiffany left their home because of their son Clay's asthma and their son Josh's nosebleeds. Tillman is the mayor of Dish, Pennsylvania but he was driven out of the city due to the contaminated air that was affecting his family's health.
The Reformer (03:28)
EPA Administrator, Lisa Jackson, said the scale of the drilling has gone up "astronomically" in the last year. She says the drilling is regulated at state level, so the state's government forces have to take control.
Wild Horses (04:39)
After three years, the Pavilion, Wyoming EPA test study results come out. They found 50 times the maximum amount of benzene allowed. As a result, EPA stepped in and began delivering water to Dimock, Pennsylvania.
Pushing Science Away (03:50)
The test results of the contaminated Dimock water were not released to the public. The EPA published a press release claiming that Dimock's water is safe to drink.
Dropped Cases and False Settlements (04:47)
Once the EPA changed course and decided Dimock's water was safe, they also dropped the Lipsky's case in Texas. The Lipsky family found out after the presidential election that EPA had studied their water and had been lobbied by a gas company to drop the case. Lisa Jackson resigned from her position as EPA administrator.
Freedom and Arrest (05:56)
The House Committee on Science and Technology brought EPA before a judge to question their findings in Pavilion, Wyoming. Fox attended with cameras in tow, and was arrested and removed.
Who Will Win? (02:04)
Fox speaks metaphorically about the removal of democracy and his refusal to move. Shale gas is to be the new world energy, but environmentalists are fighting for other sources—clean renewable sources.
Credits: Gasland Part II (01:54)
Credits: Gasland Part II
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