Introduction: Buddha: Genius of the Ancient World (02:42)
Hughes introduces this film focused on the context and legacy of Buddha. This religious icon helped transform the ways in which people think about themselves and the world they live in.
Siddhartha Gautama: Young Buddah (03:32)
Most of what is known of Buddha is based on oral accounts. Gautama's realization of the frailty of human life set him on a path of religious devotion.
Path of Inquiry (04:27)
Buddha's quest was to find out if human life can overcome suffering. He experienced diverse cultures as he headed south. Hughes attends a Brahmin ceremony evoking gods.
Paradox of City Life (03:20)
Buddha continued his journey to the rapidly transforming area of the Ganges Plain. Singh discusses the expansion of cities during this time and examines ancient artifacts.
Questioning Life and Death (04:07)
Buddha engaged the question of life after death. Seth explains samsara, or the cycle of life. Truth seekers used meditation to focus on their goals and access their universal souls.
Subduing the Body (03:25)
Buddha could achieve a profound stillness of the mind, yet he lacked the transformative experience he sought. He practiced extreme forms of self-denial for six years.
The Middle Way (03:21)
Buddha attempted to find a middle way between the extremes of self-indulgence and the rigors of self-mortification. Moderation would be his radical new approach. Buddha believed a permanent or independent self did not exist.
Way to Liberation and Freedom (04:15)
The Buddha believed the permanent self was at the root of the problem. His teaching surrounded non-self-nature. During a session of deep meditation, Buddha experiences his previous lives.
Transcending Samsara (02:20)
Buddha harnessed the capabilities of the mind to identify the human condition. His new mission was to share what he experienced. Hughes describes the Four Noble Truths.
Liberating the Destiny of Men (02:49)
Buddha had a message of hope for those trapped in the cycle of life, death, and rebirth by reformulating the concept of karma. He sought answers to benefit everyone.
Meritocratic Karma (02:32)
Merchants and traders took interest in Buddha's democratizing of karma. He helped to create the belief that action and intention in our everyday lives have real consequences.
Establishing a Buddhist Order (02:23)
The Buddha forged ahead with his message of personal liberation. His disciples took on the name Sangha, and established permanent bases.
Rules of the Sangha (04:21)
A network of monasteries sprang up. Buddha created a comprehensive set of guidelines for Sangha monks to maintain excellence.
Love Without Limit (03:01)
Buddha proclaimed that monks needed parental permission to join. He placed incessant value on compassion. When Buddha turned 80, thoughts turned to the continuation of his message.
Emperor Ashoka's Revelation (02:54)
Hughes explains the final message of Buddha just before his death. Five hundred monks convened in a cave to establish the Buddhist doctrine. Two hundred years later, India was ruled by the ruthless Emperor Ashoka.
Nalanda University (02:59)
The reformed Emperor Ashoka set the Buddhist belief in stone. He gave up conquest and abolished the death penalty. Ashoka sent missionaries out of India to spread Buddhism. Hughes visits one of the oldest universities in the world.
Buddhist Understanding of the World (03:03)
Sen discusses Nalanada University and Buddhist teachings. Hughes explains the changing condition of Buddhism through the years of political transformations.
Humanity and Hope (02:19)
Buddhism was on its way to become a global religion. As it spread, it cross-pollinated with other cultures. Hughes describes Buddha's greatest gift.
Credits: Buddha: Genius of the Ancient World (00:00)
Credits: Buddha: Genius of the Ancient World
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