Experts' Views on the Writing Process (00:52)
Writers rarely put out good first drafts. Students need time to revise. This helps them grow developmentally and to produce a quality piece. The writing process is a thinking process.
Introduction to the Process Approach (03:00)
A strong writing foundation helps students find their voice and be able to articulate clearly. The process approach helps with fluency and is what real writers do. Students prefer to choose topics.
History of the Process Approach (02:35)
The traditional approach was to teach formulas for a final product. The process approach began at the 1966 Dartmouth Conference. The 1975 Bay Area Writing Project expanded the process approach.
Creating a Writing Culture in the Classroom (05:24)
The roles of the teacher include being a coach and fellow writer, building a positive and encouraging environment with lots of praise, providing time for writing and space for writing resources.
Role of Reading in the Writing Process (03:07)
Students need to read professional writing as models. Good writers borrow ideas from what they read. Reading helps to develop grammar, mechanics, and literary devices for writing.
Pre-writing is the period to generate ideas through various brainstorming methods. Students should write in all genres. Students model their writing after their favorite authors.
Drafting is the writer's first attempt at getting language onto paper. Drafting is discovery and can produce new ideas or result in a dead-end. Peer response groups are important in this stage.
Revising and Post-Writing (05:42)
Revision is a "re-seeing" of a piece. Reading a piece out loud and looking at the piece as a whole is part of revision. The post-writing phase deals with editing and proofreading for publication.
Students take their writing more seriously when there is an audience. Writing is a form of self-expression. Presenting techniques include class anthologies and bulletin board displays.
Teaching Writing: The Bottom Line (01:53)
This review highlights all the stages of the process approach. These include the key elements in creating a writing culture, the role of reading, pre-writing, drafting, revising, and presenting.
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