Introduction: Jerusalem: Capital of Two States? (00:54)
An overview of information covered in this section is presented using images and maps.
Tragedy of Jerusalem (02:31)
For half a century, Israelis and Palestinians have battled over Jerusalem. Ross explains how the Intifada resulted in a loss of faith in peacemaking.
Divided City (03:21)
The conflict in Jerusalem is more about nationalism than religion. After World War II, the United Nations proposed dividing Palestine to include Jewish state. Upon the withdrawal of British control, Israel proclaimed statehood.
Concept of Separation (03:32)
Israel fought its Arab neighbors again in 1973. A strategic plan in Oslo produced mutual recognition between Israel and the PLO. With the Jewish population concentrated in the West, some Arabs hope for sovereignty over the East.
Breakdown of Peace Negotiations (03:15)
Ross discusses the need to balance the emotional needs of Israelis while governing Palestine in its current state. The Intifada was a failure of Palestinians to curb violence.
Introduction: Turkey: Fundamental Change (00:48)
An overview of information covered in this second section is presented using images and maps.
City of Great Contrast (03:13)
Half European, half Asian, Istanbul is the cultural and commercial heart of Turkey. For thousands, marginal street trade is the only source of income. Istanbul is where Christian Europe meets Islamic Asia.
Urban Growth (04:38)
Tumertekin explains the increase of rural to urban migration in Istanbul. This urban growth results in environmental problems. Most inhabitants of Istanbul are Muslims.
Fundamental Issues of Identity (04:08)
By 2002, many people left the Welfare party for the Justice and Development party. The US was denied the use of Turkish soil to enter Iraq. Within Turkey, the ongoing civil war has forced millions to flee to its Western cities.
Credits: Sacred Space, Secular States?—The Power of Place: Geography for the 21st Century (01:01)
Credits: Sacred Space, Secular States?—The Power of Place: Geography for the 21st Century
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