Portrait Madness (01:49)
Look at paintings of Sir Francis Dashwood, depicted in a variety of roles such as pope, monk, and Saint. He is eventually made Chancellor of the Exchequer.
Cave Meetings (03:08)
Learn about the mysterious Hellfire Club. Meetings include alcohol and prostitutes dressed as nuns. Take an in-depth look at William Hogarth's painting of Dashwood as St. Francis.
Tone of the Tavern (02:03)
In 1732, Hogarth becomes a founding member of the Sublime Order of Roast Beef. Listen to an excerpt of a nationalistic song about roast beef.
Religious Insults (04:21)
In 1748, Hogarth is arrested in France for being a spy. He seeks revenge in his painting "Calais Gate." Januszczak describes the deviousness of the painting.
Tragic Beauty (05:30)
Maria Gunning is a an actress renowned for her beauty. Her lead and mercury-based makeup would lead to her death at the age of 27.
Carnival of Venice (02:28)
Rococo Venice reinvents itself as a tourist destination. Januszczak explains Pietro Longhi's work.
Venetian Masks (02:40)
Masks can be worn in Venice for 6th months of the year. Women hold masks with their teeth, preventing them from speaking.
Schemers Inherit the Earth (01:40)
Take an in-depth look at Longhi's "The Charlaton." Januszczak describes challenges in interpreting Longhi's work; he concludes that there are never heroes in his paintings.
Prison Island (03:38)
Januszczak visits Santo Stefano and discusses the island's history. Jeremy Bentham's skeleton and head are preserved today. He was a social philosopher, and founder of utilitarianism.
Early Surveilance (03:23)
Jeremy Bentham designs the a panopticon prison. It is intended to allow the few to spy on the many.
Self Portraits (05:40)
Januszczak looks at the life and work of Franz Xaver Messerschmidt. Messerschmidt is a follower of Hermes Trismegistus. The sculptor believes that he has angered the Spirit of Proportion who visits and tortures him at night.
Commedia Dell'arte (03:19)
The Rococo seeks to escape from reality. Januszczak looks at the work and characters of Antoine Watteau.
Humanity Revealed (02:37)
Januszczak looks at a Pierrot painting by Watteau. He describes the love triangle of the Commedia Dell'arte. Pierrot is the first sad clown.
Royal Mockery (02:31)
Francisco Goya revolutionizes art. The Spanish Royal Family invites him to paint their portraits.
Goya Creates Zombies (04:55)
Januszczak describes Goya's Caprichos and his work that would inspire the contemporary darkness that we know today. He goes deaf and has a nervous breakdown.
Napoleon Invades Italy (02:39)
Napoleon takes Venice's art back to Paris. Domenico Tiepolo comes into his own after the death of his father Gianbattista Tiepolo.
Welcome to the Modern World (03:44)
Domenico Tiepolo paints privately for his own amusement. He paints a room full of Pulcinellas, replacing religious figures with the deceitful, monkey-like characters. Januszczak believes that Rococo is predictive of the modern era.
Credits: Understanding Art: Rococo—Part 3 (00:27)
Credits: Understanding Art: Rococo—Part 3
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