English Baroque (02:01)
Waldemar Januszczak describes English art in the 17th century; religion inhibited progress.
Baroque Firsts (02:28)
A riverside vista in Greenwich houses the Royal Observatory built in 1675, Greenwich Hospital, and the Queen's House. The Queen's House encompasses the Baroque and Renaissance movements.
King Charles I (03:58)
Januszczak reflects on the British monarchy's relationship with art. In 1623, Charles I went to Spain to marry the daughter of Phillip II; he returned to England with an interest in art.
Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace (04:29)
Most of Charles I palace was destroyed in 1698; the Banqueting House survived. The Banqueting House has the only remaining painted ceiling by Rubens; Charles I knighted Rubens.
Collector and Patron of the Arts (02:12)
Charles I instructed his agents to find the best art and purchase it, including works by Caravaggio.
Anthony van Dyck (02:59)
Van Dyck arrived in England in 1632 to become the king's painter. Januszczak discusses Van Dyck's flattery apparent in "Charles I with M. de St. Antoine" and the portraits of Queen Henrietta Maria.
British Portraiture (02:52)
Januszczak reflects on the sadness apparent in the faces of Van Dyck's portraits. Van Dyck died from a fever in 1641.
William Dobson (03:00)
Dobson painted during the time of the English Civil War. Charles I and his court arrived in Oxford in 1642 where they lived for four years; Januszczak identifies buildings converted for military and royal use.
Dobson's Portraits (03:05)
Nicholas Lanier was Master of the King's Music and Dobson was the king's official painter. Januszczak examines Dobson's portraits, including Inigo Jones and Charles II, and discusses Dobson's tendency to make people look heavier. Dobson died in 1646.
Charles I Executed (01:31)
Charles I was beheaded in January 1649 outside the Banqueting House at Whitehall Palace. Cromwell and the Puritans sold Charles' art collection.
Great Fire of London (02:41)
The 1666 fire destroyed two thirds of the metropolis and created an opportunity for a new style of building. Christopher Wren was a scientist who invented the injection.
Baroque Architecture (04:01)
The Great Fire of London destroyed 87 churches; Wren rebuilt 51. Januszczak highlights steeples and church interiors at St. Brides, St. Mary le Bow, St. Vedast, and St. Margaret Lothbury. St. Paul's Cathedral was completed in 35 years.
Sir John Vanbrugh (02:43)
Januszczak reflects on the relationship of English stately homes with their surroundings and the temperament of Sir John Vanbrugh.
Blenheim Palace (02:20)
Blenheim Palace is Britain's largest country house. It celebrates the Duke of Marlborough's victory over the French.
Blenheim Palace Interior (02:48)
Januszczak examines the artwork in the great saloon painted by Louis Laguerre.
Nicholas Hawksmoor (02:56)
Januszczak reflects on the exterior aesthetics of Blenheim Palace and introduces three books written about Hawksmoor. He states that Hawksmoor's buildings have a "psychological presence."
Hawksmoor Churches (04:08)
Hawksmoor built six London churches and designed the towers of two others. Januszczak marks the placement of each on a map and discusses the theory that Hawksmoor deliberately placed churches to form the Eye of Horus.
St. Paul's Cathedral (03:32)
Hawksmoor's architecture mixed design elements that had never been mixed before. Wren's cathedral took 35 years to complete. Januszczak discusses Wren's initial model and his deliberate deception.
Architectural Illusions (02:17)
Januszczak discusses the artistic elements of St. Paul's Cathedral.
Uderstanding Art: Baroque: Conclusion (00:0-3434)
Januszczak reflects on the movement of the Baroque through the 17th century and its adaptation around the world.
Credits: Understanding Art: Baroque—Part 3 (59:51)
Credits: Understanding Art: Baroque—Part 3
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