Understanding Art: Baroque—Part 2: Introduction (01:41)
Review Baroque art areas discussed in Part 1 and see images from the upcoming film.
First Global Art Movement (02:34)
The Baroque movement spread across Europe and adopted local culture. In Spain, the Baroque became more fiercely Catholic and dark. Waldemar Januszczak begins traveling the southern route to Santiago de Compostela.
Vía de La Plata (03:18)
Januszczak walks the Jewish quarter of Seville and identifies areas associated with classic literature and the home where Diego Velázquez was born. See "Old Woman Frying Eggs" and "Christ in the House of Martha and Mary."
Diego Velázquez (02:57)
Velázquez early works were depictions of ordinary life; see "Old Woman Frying Eggs," "Christ in the House of Martha and Mary," and "The Waterseller of Seville." Art was a part of the Counter-Reformation.
"Philip IV in Brown and Silver" (04:11)
The king of Spain commissioned Velázquez to paint his image. Januszczak provides an unflattering description of the Habsburgs. See portraits of the Habsburg family.
"Las Meninas" (04:42)
Velázquez painted a group picture of the Habsburg royal court in 1656. Januszczak reflects on why many people find the painting confusing and identifies each figure.
Pilgrim's Guide to Spanish Religious Orders (02:55)
Januszczak states that understanding Spanish Baroque requires knowledge of religious orders. He identifies Franciscan, Dominican, and Benedictine orders.
Francisco de Zurbarán (04:50)
Zurbarán was born in Fuente de Cantos. Januszczak examines a series of female Christian martyrs. Religious orders were Zurbarán's main employers; monk paintings were his specialty.
Santiago de Compostela (03:37)
Januszczak examines the Baroque cathedral and thinks he sees evidence of the city's Islamic past. Inside the church, gold adorns many surfaces.
Spanish Netherlands (04:12)
The Churrigueresque style traveled to the far corners of the Spanish Empire. Januszczak examines artwork and the Grote Markt, and discusses the Spanish king, Charles II.
Peter Paul Rubens (05:45)
Januszczak reflects on Rubens' depiction of full-figured women, sex, and violence. Archdukes Albert and Isabella ruled the Spanish Netherlands from 1598-1621.
Rubens' Family Portraits (03:55)
Januszczak examines paintings that Rubens created for pleasure. Rubens 16-year old second wife was the model for many of his nude images. In 1629, the Spanish king sent Rubens to England where Charles I knighted him.
The Baroque movement arrived in Holland. Rembrandt was born a Protestant in Leiden and moved to Amsterdam. Januszczak examines "The Night Watch."
Rembrandt Self-Portraits (03:08)
Rembrandt often depicted his own image in his artwork. Januszczak examines "The Prodigal Son in the Brothel" and "Self-Portrait with Circles" and reflects on the appearance of doubt in his works.
Frans Hals (04:14)
Januszczak examines "The Laughing Cavalier," "The Officers and Sergeants of the St. George Civic Guard Company," and "Officers And Sergeants of the St. Hadrian Civic Guard." He reflects on Hals' ability to portray everyone in a democratic way and the subtle propaganda for peace.
Johannes Vermeer van Delft (03:58)
Januszczak states that Vermeer was a moralist and expressed the fragility of life in his works. Vermeer was an obscure figure until he was rediscovered in the 19th century.
Credits: Understanding Art: Baroque—Part 2 (00:32)
Credits: Understanding Art: Baroque—Part 2
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