Understanding Art: Baroque: Introduction (02:03)
The Baroque movement does not have a distinctly defined outline. Waldemar Januszczak hopes to better understand the movement that sprawled across the 17th century and beyond.
St. Peter's Piazza (03:05)
Bernini created the piazza to hold 300,000 people. Januszczak speculates on the "ambitions" of the Baroque movement and its adaptations to local customs.
Trento, Italy (03:53)
Januszczak describes Baroque as a display of counter punching by a "waspish church." Martin Luther challenged the residents of southern Italy's world view. The Council of Trent met in 1545 to plan the Catholic riposte.
Baroque Movement (04:15)
Willem Blaeu produced a Baroque European map in Amsterdam in 1617. The Council of Trent ordered artists to grab the people's attention. Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio made dramatic use of the dark in his paintings; Januszczak describes his 20th century reputation.
Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (02:05)
Caravaggio created vivid religious art that impacted the people. Januszczak discusses the Baroque elements in Caravaggio's work.
Basilica of Santa Maria del Popolo (04:25)
Caravaggio began church paintings in 1600; the clergy rejected some of his work. Caravaggio's dark artistic style circulated around the world and transformed local art. Januszczak likens the Baroque and Renaissance periods to misshapen and smooth pearls.
Francesco Borromini (02:33)
Rome's default architecture is Baroque. Januszczak explores a courtyard Borromini designed for the Church of San Carlo.
Church of San Carlo (02:52)
Januszczak sits inside the church and draws a plan of the building, remarking on its geometry. Borromini uses a mathematical base and then gives it artistic flare.
Gian Lorenzo Bernini (03:53)
Bernini was an architect, sculptor, and painter. Januszczak explores Sant'Andrea al Quirinale and discusses its theatrical effect.
St. Peter's Basilica and Santa Maria della Vittoria (05:00)
Bernini constructed the Baldacchino from 1624-1633. Januszczak discusses elements of the Cornaro Chapel.
Annibale Carracci (05:01)
Januszczak lies on the floor and reflects on Baroque style ceilings. He examines the first "great painted room of the Baroque age," now the French embassy in Rome.
Padre Pozzo (02:29)
Januszczak examines artwork in the San Ignacio Church and discusses Pozzo's skill at creating optical illusions.
San Ignacio Church (04:17)
Pozzo's first work in the church was a dark dome; priests granted Pozzo freedom to paint the rest of the ceiling. Januszczak discusses the artistic elements and theatrical presentation of the art and examines a colonnade of Pozzo's artwork depicting the life of St. Ignatius.
Baroque Movement Spreads (03:43)
Januszczak explores Naples and describes the city setting in the 1600s; he quotes Goethe. Caravaggio arrived in Naples in 1606; his artwork became darker.
Pio Monte della Misericordia (03:26)
Caravaggio painted "The Seven Acts of Mercy" soon after he arrived in Naples. Januszcza explains the seven human kindnesses.
Jusepe de Ribera (02:06)
Ribera painted in a manner similar to Caravaggio's for most of his career. See "The Bearded Woman" and "The Clubfoot."
Cabal of Naples (03:25)
Ribera, Corenzio Belisario, and Caracciolo attacked their rivals, including Domenichino and Guido Reni. The cabal dismantled in 1641.
Credits: Understanding Art: Baroque—Part 1 (00:34)
Credits: Understanding Art: Baroque—Part 1
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