Monument Valley (02:49)
The Navajo believe the sandstone monoliths are solidified monsters killed by men or prayer totems; medicine men keep these myths. Bernard Fontanille travels with a native to the reservation where over 150,000 Navajo live. Native lifestyles changed during the 20th century.
Medicine Man (03:07)
Fontanille meets Albert Laughter at a trading post. Laughter shows Fontanille the land where he grew up and discusses the origin of the word Navajo; he prefers to be called a Diné.
Traditional Medicine (04:14)
Fontanille and Laughter travel to Navajo Mountain; medicine men are called hataalii. Laughter uses a crystal and corn pollen to diagnose his patient and determine which healing ceremony to perform.
Traditional Treatment (03:14)
Fontanille explains the significance of the crystal. He helps Laughter and his apprentice pick wild herbs for the ceremony; Diné are connected with the elements and the land. Mountain tobacco is a key ingredient in purification.
Healing Ceremony (03:25)
Laughter explains the purpose and construction of a hogan. He explains the use of herbs and conducts the ceremony according to the sun.
Navajo Veterans (03:17)
Many American Indians fought during battles in foreign countries and returned home with PTSD. Laughter fills out paperwork for a veteran to receive financial assistance for a traditional ceremony and reflects the use of native language during WWII.
"Enemy Way" Ceremony (05:28)
Fontanille discusses the effects of PTSD; a patient feels guilty for surviving the Gulf War. Laughter conducts a healing ceremony to help Johnny find harmony.
Credits: United States : Arizona, Medicine Man Country—World Medicine (00:15)
Credits: United States : Arizona, Medicine Man Country—World Medicine
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