Black Migrants Seek Freedom (02:38)
By the mid-1960s, Chicago was one of the most segregated cities in the United States. Watch Martin Luther King, Jr. deliver a speech. (Credits)
Re-locating From Alabama (02:36)
Dorothy Tillman moved in 1965 to help push forward the Civil Rights Movement. James Hinton recalls how African American's started turning against each other and credits King for helping re-unite his people.
King Comes to Chicago (02:53)
In 1966, King moved his family into an apartment in the west side tenements to preach non-violent change. Hinton recalls how divided African Americans were. King asked Tillman not to sing "Burn Baby Burn" because people would take the song literally.
Richard Daley Invites King to City Hall (02:19)
Tillman explains that she and the others who came from the south to help the Civil Rights Movement believed if they could address segregation in Chicago, the whole world would change. Ahmada Rahman recalls how the Diablos, a white gang, would stop black individuals from crossing into the white side of town.
Gang Shootings (02:22)
Rahman recalls his brother's gang breaking into Capital Theater in the white district of town. Listen to him talk about the various gangs and the term "going down".
Battleground at Robert Taylor Homes (02:22)
Viethel and Odell Wills witnessed shootings in the tower. Odell remembers how he would threaten gang members. On July 10th 1966, King gives a speech to fight segregation and reaffirms a non-violent position.
Nonviolent March to City Hall (03:13)
Viethel and Odell explain that they thought King initially a rabble-rouser. Watch news coverage of the march and the press conference after King meets with Daley the next day.
King and Daley Speak About Riots (02:32)
Tillman recalls the race riots in Chicago the day after the news conference with King and Daley. Watch news footage of the event.
Black Youth in the Ghetto (02:16)
Rahman felt police officers were an invading army and explains how he was abused. Brenda Stephenson recalls how Doo-Wop music became the sound of the tenements.
Rockwell Garden Housing Project (02:38)
First generation Chicagoans recall block parties and dancing contests during the 1960s. Wills remembers how he trained his dog to growl at boys who court his daughter. Joanna Johnson describes how much fun she had in high school.
Gage Park (03:19)
In July of 1966, King switched strategies and marched against the inability of blacks to leave housing ghettos. Hinton recalls that he could not go to certain neighborhoods. Watch footage from the speech and reactions.
March to Gage Park (04:19)
Rahman recalls how his father asked him to march to Gage Park in his place, but Rachman declined. Hinton remembers trying to enlist recruits the night before the speech. Oscar Brown, Jr. was personally asked by King.
Turning Point (02:29)
King signed a compromise housing agreement with Daley and returned south. Johnson recalls how she got into trouble after high school. Residents remember how they became proud to be black.
Black is Beautiful (02:17)
Rahman describes how blacks began to feel empowered. Brenda Stephenson would become angry when girlfriends called her "white lady". King returned in March 1967 because Daley ignored the housing compromise.
Black Power Movement (02:21)
Rahman felt King's approach would not help inner city Chicago and he loved the neighborhood— he identified with the black power movement. Watch footage from the 1960s. Black Panthers opened the world to Rahman
Growing Militant Force (02:59)
Rahman joined the Black Panther movement at the age of 18. On April 4th, 1968, James Earl Ray assassinated King. Residents remember hearing the news.
Riots Exploded (02:19)
Chicago was burning. Daley imposed the national guard on the west side. Hinton describes how some people took advantage while others were very angry.
Ghetto Walls Start to Crumble (02:18)
The Wills family bought a home and moved fifty blocks south. Wills describes the "promised land" as owning his own home. The black middle class erupted.
Credits: More Angry than Afraid (01:09)
Credits: More Angry than Afraid
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